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Muhammad Hafeez ul haq
Muhammad Waqas
Mehreen Hassan
Muhammad Taqqi Abbas
Haris Babar
Iqra Shakeel
Syed Muhammad Jawad Raza


Nano fertilizer, Nano bio stimulant, Banana peel, FTIR, Growth Evaluation


Banana peel contains important nutrients that can be recycled into useful products used for different purposes. Banana peel is used to form a bio-stimulant Nano-fertilizer for agricultural purposes. Extract of Nano fertilizer from the banana peel is the main step for this study. The alkaline solution helps banana peel in the formation of Nano fertilizer. Nano-fertilizer extracts are subjected to physical and chemical analyses for characterization. The particle of fertilizer size range is between 18nm-54nm and the study shows that 39.9 nm is a major nanoparticle and it contains an average percentage of 36%. Nano-fertilizers increase the growth rate in plants. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) inspection is used for the recognition of polymeric, inorganic, and organic materials. It used infrared light for sample scanning. Changes and errors in the characteristics sequence of the absorption band show an alteration in the composition of Nano- fertilizer. The synthesized Nano fertilizer from banana peel contains tryptophan, urea, proteins, citric acid, chelated potassium, amino acids, and chelated iron. Synthesized Nano fertilizer applied to pea, chili, and tomato plants. The study aims to observe the germination process in plants increases or decreases with increasing doses of banana peel extract for crops and to evaluate the effects of Nano fertilizers on pea, chili, and tomato plants. The obtained Nano bio stimulant shows great germination of different crops. 

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