Main Article Content

Hammad Hussain Anjum
Raja Hamza Ishtiaq
Najji ullah Malik
Burhan Ahmed
Shajar Naqvi
Zobia Aslam
Aleena Ramzan
Dua Zhaira




Effective management of HbA1c is essential for the well-being of patients with diabetes mellitus. Our study aimed to compare the effect of medication and insulin therapy in controlling blood sugar levels, as measured by HbA1c, in patients with diabetes mellitus. Data collected from 200 patients with diabetes mellitus, was divided into two groups based on their treatment method: medication. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software to compare the treatment method and HbA1c levels, as well as the correlation between HbA1c levels and blood sugar levels measured randomly. Our study found that both medication and insulin therapy were ineffective in controlling blood sugar levels. However oral drugs significantly lowered the HbA1c levels in comparison to insulin. Also, there was a positive correlation between HbA1c levels and blood sugar levels measured randomly, indicating the importance of regular monitoring of HbA1c levels in patients with diabetes mellitus. Our study provides valuable perceptions about the management of diabetes mellitus and highlights the importance of personalized treatment approaches that adapt to individual patient characteristics and preferences. Further research with larger sample sizes and more comprehensive study designs is needed to validate these findings and improve outcomes for patients with diabetes mellitus.

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