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Amira Shahid Sheikh
Aqib Zaman Kheljee
Ghazi Uddin Ahmed
Erma Hussain
Amirah Fahad Alshammeri



Background: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition in aging males, characterized by an enlarged prostate gland. This progressive condition can lead to bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) that significantly impact quality of life.

Methods: This review article discusses the signs and symptoms of BPH, methods for diagnosis, and treatment options.


  • Signs and Symptoms: BPH can cause obstructive and irritative LUTS. Obstructive symptoms include hesitancy, reduced urinary flow rate, and incomplete bladder emptying. Irritative symptoms include nocturia, urgency, and frequency.

  • Diagnosis: Diagnosis of BPH involves a detailed medical history, physical examination, and potentially additional tests such as digital rectal examination, International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS), prostate specific antigen (PSA) test, and uroflowmetry.

  • Treatment: Treatment options for BPH depend on the severity of symptoms and patient factors. Conservative management may be appropriate for mild symptoms. Medications such as alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors can improve symptoms. Minimally invasive surgical procedures like transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) are used for moderate to severe BPH.

Conclusion: BPH is a prevalent condition in older men. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can significantly improve quality of life for patients with BPH.

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