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Sudhair Abbas Bangash
Riffat Sanaullah
Hemraj Budhathoki
Sergio Rodrigo Oliveira Souza Lima
Iftikhar Ahmad Khan
Rabia Taj
Saima Zaheer
Saba Nosheen


biocompatibility, polymers, tissue engineering, regeneration


The human skin, the largest and most exposed organ, is prone to various damages, including burns, wounds, and tumours. The complexity of the skin's healing process, especially in cases of deep burns or injuries, has spurred interest in tissue engineering as a potential solution.

Objective: This review explores the advancements and techniques in tissue engineering that facilitate skin regeneration. Emphasis is placed on current strategies such as 3D printing, polymer scaffolds, biodesigned dressings, and other innovative approaches.

Methods: A comprehensive review of recent literature was conducted to compile the latest developments and techniques in skin tissue engineering. Key aspects of tissue regeneration, including biocompatibility, polymers, and various tissue engineering methods, were explored.

Results: Significant strides have been made in tissue engineering, with techniques like 3D bioprinting offering precision in creating skin-like structures. Various methods, such as inkjet and extrusion-based bioprinting, have been detailed, each presenting its advantages and challenges. Polymer scaffolds have also shown promise in providing mechanical support and facilitating cell growth. Additionally, advancements in laser technology and stereolithography have further enhanced the precision and viability of bio-printed tissues.

Conclusion: Tissue engineering holds immense potential to revolutionize the treatment of skin lesions. As techniques continue to evolve, the future of skin regeneration appears promising, with the potential for personalized, patient-specific treatments that address the unique challenges of various skin conditions.

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