Main Article Content
Faculty-to-faculty, Incivility, impact, Job
Background: Incivility is a common problem in many professions, including nursing education has been continuing from generation to generation and have very poor consequences. It affects the learning process, even the organization as a whole. Experiences of uncivil behavior in nursing education are best described in the relationship between faculty to faculty. Objective: This aims to assess faculty-to-faculty incivility in public and private nursing institutes at KPK Pakistan. Methodology: A Cross-sectional study was conducted at nursing colleges among 61 random sampling techniques. Nursing faculty from different colleges, governments, and non-governmental organizations were (through system-generated questionaries) surveyed using the Workplace Incivility Civility Survey (WICS). Result: Study findings revealed that 27.4% exhibited mild incivility, 29.0% displayed moderate incivility, and the highest proportion was observed in the severe category, 40.35. Moreover, a significant difference was found between race and incivility. Conclusions: In conclusion, the study revealed that a significant proportion of participants experienced varying levels of incivility, with the highest percentage in the severe category. The findings highlight the negative impact of incivility on work performance, stress levels, job satisfaction, emotional and physical health, and career intentions.
2. Hyun MS, Kang HS, De Gagne JC, Park J. Nursing faculty experiences with student incivility in South Korea: a qualitative study. BMC medical education. 2022;22(1):1-10.
3. McDermott C, Bernard N, Hathaway W. Taking a stand against workplace incivility. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing. 2021;52(5):232-9.
4. Cahyadi A, Hendryadi H, Mappadang A. Workplace and classroom incivility and learning engagement: the moderating role of locus of control. International Journal for Educational Integrity. 2021;17(1):1-17.
5. Ruggeri K, Garcia-Garzon E, Maguire Á, Matz S, Huppert FA. Wellbeing is more than happiness and life satisfaction: a multidimensional analysis of 21 countries. Health and quality of life outcomes. 2020;18(1):1-16.
6. Baker MA, Kim K. Dealing with customer incivility: The effects of managerial support on employee psychological wellbeing and quality-of-life. International Journal of Hospitality Management. 2020;87:102503.
7. Rose K, Jenkins S, Mallory C, Astroth K, Woith W, Jarvill M. An integrative review examining student-to-student incivility and effective strategies to address incivility in nursing education. Nurse educator. 2020;45(3):165-8.
8. Chris AC, Provencher Y, Fogg C, Thompson SC, Cole AL, Okaka O, et al. A meta-analysis of experienced incivility and its correlates: Exploring the dual path model of experienced workplace incivility. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2022;27(3):317.
9. Chihak C. Faculty to faculty incivility in Iowa nursing education programs. 2018.
10. Kim SA, Hong E, Kang GY, Brandt C, Kim Y. Effect of Korean nursing students’ experience of incivility in clinical settings on critical thinking. Heliyon. 2020;6(7):e04367.
11. Dunn CA. Development of a nurse incivility infographic to enhance awareness and recognition of incivil behaviors. 2021.
12. Singh LB, Srivastava S. I am done now! Linking workplace incivility to job search behaviour and employee silence. International Journal of Conflict Management. 2023.
13. Lata M, Chaudhary R. Workplace spirituality and experienced incivility at work: Modeling Dark Triad as a moderator. Journal of Business Ethics. 2021;174:645-67.
14. Butler AM, Strouse SM. An Integrative Review of Incivility in Nursing Education. Journal of Nursing Education. 2022;61(4):173-8.
15. Parray ZA, Islam SU, Shah TA. Exploring the effect of workplace incivility on job outcomes: testing the mediating effect of emotional exhaustion. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance. 2023;10(2):161-79.
16. Zhu Z, Xing W, Lizarondo L, Guo M, Hu Y. Nursing students’ experiences with faculty incivility in the clinical education context: a qualitative systematic review and meta-synthesis. BMJ open. 2019;9(2):e024383.
17. Park LS, Martinez LR. An “I” for an “I”: A systematic review and meta-analysis of instigated and reciprocal incivility. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2022;27(1):7.
18. Samma M, Zhao Y, Rasool SF, Han X, Ali S, editors. Exploring the relationship between innovative work behavior, job anxiety, workplace ostracism, and workplace incivility: empirical evidence from small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Healthcare; 2020: MDPI.
19. Durrani S. Impact of gossip at workplace on workplace incivility; Mediating role of interpersonal conflict and moderating role of personality [master’s thesis]. Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad. 2020.
20. Rasool SF, Wang M, Tang M, Saeed A, Iqbal J. How toxic workplace environment effects the employee engagement: The mediating role of organizational support and employee wellbeing. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2021;18(5):2294.
21. Tarasenko LM. Examining the relationships between the work environment and forms of workplace mistreatment perceived by nurse middle managers: University of Colorado Denver; 2019.