QUANTITATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ACUTE ORAL TOXICITY STUDY OF PIPER BETLE AND PERSICARIA ODORATA LEAF EXTRACT IN BROILER CHICKENS

Main Article Content

Muhammad Abdul Basit
Arifah Abdul Kadir
Ubedullah Kaka
Muhammad Arshad Javid
Muhammad Usman Saleem
Sheraz Ahmed Bhatti
Abdul Asim Farooq
Saeed Murtaza
Muhammad Yasir Waqas
Muhammad Nawaz
Hafiz Muhammad Arshad

Keywords

broiler chickens, herbs, limit dose toxicity, Piper betle, Persicaria odorata

Abstract

Medicinal plants like herbs are used extensively as an alternative poultry feed additive, replacing antimicrobial drugs. However, these herbs and their bioactive compounds may contain toxic substances that may be harmful. Thus, the present study was conducted to estimate the secondary phytochemical metabolites and acute toxicity of methanolic leaf extract of Piper betle (Pb) and Persicaria odorata (Po) in broiler chickens. A total of 35 broiler chicks were used in this study. The birds were divided into 7 groups randomly on the 21st day of their age. A single oral dose of methanolic leaf extract of P. betle and P. odorata at the rate of 500mg/kg, 1000 mg/kg, and 2,000 mg/kg body weight, was orally gavaged in treated chickens. At the same time, the control group received 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as a placebo. Quantitative phytochemical screening showed positive quantification of eugenol and quercetin from Pb and Po methanolic leaf extract. On the other hand, the limited dose acute toxicity study did not show any toxicity signs, even at the dose rate of 2000 mg/kg. Furthermore, no deleterious effects were observed on haematological and serum biochemical indices in extract-treated chickens. The histopathological examination showed normal histo-morphological characteristics of the tissues of selected organs. Additionally, no mortality was recorded in the entire study period. Keeping in view the present findings, the LD50 value of the tested extracts was greater than 2000 mg/ kg.

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