"ASSOCIATION OF ABO BLOOD TYPES AND HEPATITIS C VIRUS (HCV) INCIDENCE IN THE PAKISTANI POPULATION: A STUDY IN ISLAMABAD"

Main Article Content

Maryam Khalid
Dr Mehak Khalid
Mohsin aslam
Dr Shahzeera begum
Shamshad Kousar Chaudhary
Unsa Nasir
Mahe-e-Kamil Qureshi Hashmi
Dr Amber Jamil Siddiqi

Keywords

Rh, ABO, HCV

Abstract

Background & Introduction: Karl Landsteiner made a major contribution to the history of transfusions of blood in 1900 when he first introduced the ABO blood type system. In the particular setting of the Pakistani community living in Islamabad, this study explores the connection between ABO blood types and the incidence of the hepatitis C virus (HCV).


 


Objectives: This study is aimto investigate association of ABO and Rh blood group system among both genders in HCV patients and to investigate which blood group is more prone to HCV in Tertiary Care Hospital Islamabad.


 


Methodology:


Study setting: Institute of Medical Lab Technology, Isra University Islamabad Campus in collaboration with Tertiary Care Hospital Islamabad.


 


Sample size: 12353 blood donors out of them 12284 were males and 68 females.


 


Study duration: 6 months from September 31st 2023 to December 31st 2023.


 


Data analysis: Data was analyzed using SPSS Version 22. Descriptive statistics was applied.


 


Results: Among 12353 volunteer donors the findings reveal that males were more prone to HCV as compared to females because, males are significant donors. This finding also reveals that individuals with blood group B positive exhibit the highest frequency of HCV, while those with AB negative blood group manifest the lowest incidence. Notably, blood groups A positive and O positive demonstrated higher frequencies than B positive, aligning with the general prevalence observed in the population.


 


Conclusion: In summary, while our study finds no direct link between blood group and HCV. The elevated occurrence of HCV among males’ underscores gender differences in HCV distribution, aligning with existing literature. It identifies a higher prevalence in blood group B positive individuals.

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