ROLE OF RESILIENCE AND COPING MECHANISMS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER AND DEPRESSION – A COMPARATIVE STUDY

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Anubha
Debasish Padhi
Nasir Mahmood
Madhukar Katiyar
Ankita Bajpai

Keywords

Resilience, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Depression, Coping mechanism

Abstract

Background: In the realm of mental health, Obsessive-Compulsive disorder (OCD) and Depression affect millions of individuals worldwide. These two conditions are among the most prevalent mental health disorders globally, each carrying its unique burden of suffering and impairments. However, despite their distinct clinical presentations, these conditions share a common thread of resilience and coping mechanisms that individuals employ to confront and manage their challenges.


Aim and Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the role of resilience and coping mechanisms in individuals suffering from OCD and depression.


Material and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry at Rama Medical College, Kanpur. Patients attending the Psychiatry OPD were recruited by purposive sampling technique. The study comprised a total of 60 patients who were diagnosed through mental status examinations and ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research. 30 patients with depression and 30 with OCD were taken for the study. Sociodemographic information was obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire. Brief Resilience Scale and Brief Cope scale were administered to both groups to know about the resilience and coping mechanisms used by patients.


Results and discussion: The coping mechanism used by the patients of depression was mostly emotion-focused (53.33%) as compared to the avoidant mechanism mostly used by OCD patients (63.33%) and this difference in the coping mechanism used was statistically significant (p<0.05). There was also a highly significant difference in the mean resilience score between depression and OCD patients (p<0.0001), with patients with depression showing more resilience.


Conclusion: Our study shows that resilience is more among depressive patients and the coping mechanism mostly used by them is emotion-focused compared to the avoidant coping mechanism used by OCD patients.

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