ANALYZING LIPID PROFILE CORRELATION AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS: ASSESSING POTENTIAL RISK REDUCTION FOR ATHEROSCLEROTIC CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

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Dr Sana
Dr Mumtaz Ali
Dr Kamlesh Kumar Ahuja
Dr Prince Misri Khan Kalhoro
Dr Vishamer Lal
Dr Deepak Lal

Keywords

Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, HbA1C, LDL, HDL

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the dyslipidemia pattern and assess the potential of lipid therapy in mitigating the risk of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) among individuals with Diabetes.


Materials and Methods:  This retrospective study was conducted at Medical Unit 1, Chandka Medical College Hospital Larkana, Pakistan in the duration from July, 2023 to December, 2023. Data regarding biochemical, clinical, and pharmaceutical profiles were collected of 200 patients. The effectiveness of statin therapy was assessed in accordance with guidelines provided by the American Diabetes Association. Predesign questionere was used for collection of data.


Results: The mean age of total 200 patients was 50.13±11.74 years. Out of total 110 patients were male and the remaining 90 patients were female. The HbA1C level was assessed to be 8.17%, with a standard deviation of 0.96%. The mean LDL cholesterol level was 115.87 mg/dL with a standard deviation of 10.29 mg/dL. The mean HDL cholesterol level was 43.07 mg/dL with a standard deviation of 6.60 mg/dL. The mean triglyceride level was 127.79 mg/dL with a standard deviation of 22.56 mg/dL. LDL cholesterol levels were shown to be correlated with increased HbA1C. The numbers of patients requiring statin treatment, currently using statin medication, those under 40 in need of statin therapy, individuals under 40 receiving prescribed statin medication, and the total number of patients receiving sufficient lipid-lowering treatment were 194, 42, 151, 15, and 36, respectively.


Conclusion: The conclusion drawn from the study indicates that individuals in Pakistan diagnosed with type 2 diabetes frequently exhibit elevated LDL and reduced HDL cholesterol levels, placing many of them at a heightened risk of heart disease. It was further noted that a significant portion of these individuals could potentially improve their cardiovascular health by taking statins. However, the study also revealed that many of them are not currently taking these medications, highlighting a gap in treatment that could be addressed to enhance their overall health outcomes.

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