ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METALS IN BROILER CHICKENS OF DIFFERENT FARMS AND THEIR SOURCE OF TRANSMISSION IN DISTRICT PESHAWAR

Main Article Content

Muneeza Sher
Rabea Ejaz
Asima Azam
Aishma Khatak
Muhammad Mohsin Ahsan
Iram Maqsood

Keywords

Broiler chicken, heavy metals, wet-acid digestion, atomic absorption spectrometry

Abstract

Background: Assessments of heavy metals in the food supply are crucial. Heavy metal contamination is a major environmental hazard that may negatively impact organisms above their threshold levels.


Methods: 45 samples were collected from three areas: A (Naguman), B (Badhaber), and C (Phandu), which included 27 broilers, 9 feed and 9 water samples. Atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) was used for heavy metal detection.


Results: The result shows that feed of area C was reported to have significantly (P<0.05) higher Cd concentration, while Cr was significantly (P<0.05) reported in feed of area B, and Pb was significantly (P<0.05) reported in feed of area B. Further, higher concentrations of Ni were detected in feed from area C as compared to feed from areas B and A. There was no significant (P = 0.40) difference in Cd concentration in water in areas A, B, and C. Cr and Ni were not detected in all areas. However, significantly (p<0.05) higher concentrations of Pb were reported in the water of area A. The broiler meat analysis of heavy metals revealed that significantly (P<0.05) higher concentrations of Cd were reported in meat from area A. There was no significant difference in concentrations of Cr, Pb, and Ni in broiler meat from distinct areas.


Conclusion: To summarize farm water was the source of heavy metals in broiler chickens in area A, while feed was the source of heavy metals in broiler chickens in areas B and C.

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