Main Article Content
Type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, dipeptidyl peptidase-4, statin, HMG-CoA reductase, drug interactions
Treatment with the combination of sitagliptin (a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor which improves glycemic control) and simvastatin (a well characterized lipid-lowering agent) may be considered an appropriate approach to management of type 2 diabetes and its associated increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
An investigation of the effects of simvastatin on the pharmacokinetics of sitagliptin was conducted.
Ten healthy men and women were enrolled into an open-label, randomized, 2-period, crossover study. Pharmacokinetics of sitagliptin were measured after a single dose of sitagliptin 100-mg alone, and after a single dose of sitagliptin 100-mg administered on Day 5 of a 7 day course of simvastatin 80-mg once daily.
The geometric mean ratio of (sitagliptin + simvastatin) / sitagliptin and corresponding 90% confidence interval for sitagliptin AUC0-? andCmax were 1.01 (0.97, 1.05), and 1.12 (1.00, 1.26), respectively.
Simvastatin has no clinically important effect on sitagliptin pharmacokinetics. No dose adjustment for either sitagliptin or simvastatin is recommended when these drugs are coadministered.
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