NOVEL IMAGINING TECHNIQUES FOR EARLY DETECTION OF DENTAL CARRIES

Main Article Content

Dr Kashif Adnan
Dr. Muhammad Usman
Syed Amjad Abbas
Dr. Hafiz Mahmood Azam
Anam Hameed
Muhammad Usman Majeed
Dr. Sibtain Afzal

Keywords

Dental caries, caries detection, dental imaging techniques, early detection, oral healthcare.

Abstract

Objective: This research aimed to critically evaluate and consolidate existing knowledge on novel imaging techniques for early dental caries detection. The objective was to provide an overview of the latest advancements in dental imaging technologies, focusing on their sensitivity, specificity, and clinical utility.


Study design: Cross-sectional Study


Place and duration time: The study was conducted online, utilizing a wide range of academic databases and journals. The duration of the study spanned several months to gather and analyze the necessary data and literature.


Materials and methods: Data collection involved the review of academic articles, research


 


papers, and clinical studies related to dental imaging and caries detection. Various statistical methods were employed to analyze and interpret the data, including frequency analysis, chi-square tests, regression analysis, and correlation analysis.


Results: The results revealed a diverse range of imaging modalities utilized in dental care,


 


with digital radiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) being prominent choices. However, there was no significant association between the choice of imaging modality and caries detection or clinical applicability. Regression analysis showed that age had minimal impact on caries detection sensitivity. Correlation analysis indicated weak or non-significant relationships between variables.


Conclusion: This study highlights the complexity of dental caries detection, emphasizing the need for a holistic approach that considers various factors beyond imaging modality. While technological advancements have improved dental imaging, the study underscores the significance of clinical expertise and patient-related factors. Further research is warranted to enhance the clinical integration of these emerging techniques and to refine strategies for early detection of dental caries. Top of Form

Abstract 138 | PDF Downloads 53

References

1. Mallya S, Lam E. White and Pharoah's oral radiology: principles and interpretation. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2018 Sep 12.
2. Nyvad B, Baelum V. Nyvad criteria for caries lesion activity and severity assessment: a validated approach for clinical management and research. Caries research. 2018 Aug 9;52(5):397-405..
3. Dündar A, Çiftçi ME, İşman Ö, Aktan AM. In vivo performance of near-infrared light transillumination for dentine proximal caries detection in permanent teeth. The Saudi dental journal. 2020 May 1;32(4):187-93..
4. Ather A, Patel B, Ruparel NB, Diogenes A, Hargreaves KM. Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19): implications for clinical dental care. Journal of endodontics. 2020 May 1;46(5):584-95.
5. Souza LA, Cancio V, Tostes MA. Accuracy of pen‐type laser fluorescence device and radiographic methods in detecting approximal carious lesions in primary teeth–an in vivo study. International journal of paediatric dentistry. 2018 Sep;28(5):472-80.
6. Liu M, Huang L, Xu X, Wei X, Yang X, Li X, Wang B, Xu Y, Li L, Yang Z. Copper doped carbon dots for addressing bacterial biofilm formation, wound infection, and tooth staining. ACS nano. 2022 Jun 17;16(6):9479-97..
7. Nyvad B, Takahashi N. Integrated hypothesis of dental caries and periodontal diseases. Journal of oral microbiology. 2020 Jan 1;12(1):1710953.
8. Sürme K, Kara NB, Yilmaz Y. In vitro evaluation of occlusal caries detection methods in primary and permanent teeth: a comparison of CarieScan PRO, DIAGNOdent Pen, and DIAGNOcam methods. Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine, and Laser Surgery. 2020 Feb 1;38(2):105-11..
9. Bednarczyk RA, Chamberlain A, Mathewson K, Salmon DA, Omer SB. Practice-, provider-, and patient-level interventions to improve preventive care: development of the P3 model. Preventive medicine reports. 2018 Sep 1;11:131-8.
10. Shaalan OO. DIAGNOdent versus International Caries Detection and Assessment System in detection of incipient carious lesions: A diagnostic accuracy study. Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD. 2023 Mar;26(2):199.
11. Katkar RA, Tadinada SA, Amaechi BT, Fried D. Optical coherence tomography. Dental Clinics. 2018 Jul 1;62(3):421-34..
12. Marczuk-Kolada G, Luczaj-Cepowicz E, Obidzinska M, Rozycki J. Performance of ICDAS II and fluorescence methods on detection of occlusal caries—An ex vivo study. Photodiagnosis and photodynamic therapy. 2020 Mar 1;29:101609.
13. Foros P, Oikonomou E, Koletsi D, Rahiotis C. Detection methods for early caries diagnosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Caries Research. 2021 Aug 3;55(4):247-59.
14. Carvalho RN, Letieri AD, Vieira TI, Santos TM, Lopes RT, Neves AD, Pomarico L. Accuracy of visual and image-based ICDAS criteria compared with a micro-CT gold standard for caries detection on occlusal surfaces. Brazilian oral research. 2018 Jul 10;32.
15. Machiulskiene V, Campus G, Carvalho JC, Dige I, Ekstrand KR, Jablonski-Momeni A, Maltz M, Manton DJ, Martignon S, Martinez-Mier E, Pitts NB. Terminology of dental caries and dental caries management: consensus report of a workshop organized by ORCA and Cariology Research Group of IADR. Caries research. 2020 Jan 29;54(1):7-14.

Most read articles by the same author(s)