FREQUENCY OF CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA IN PATIENTS OF OBSTRUCTIVE JAUNDICE IN SURGICAL DEPARTMENT OF LADY READING HOSPITAL, PESHAWAR

Main Article Content

Sana Ullah Khan
Abdullah Khan
Nida Mumtaz
Ali Hasnain Malik
Sara Asmat
Maleeha Nisar

Keywords

Cholangiocarcinoma, Obstructive jaundice.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Cholangiocarcinoma is the second most common primary hepatic cancer. Despite advances in diagnostic techniques during the past decade, cholangiocarcinoma is usually encountered at an advanced stage. In this review, we describe the classification, diagnosis, and initial management of cholangiocarcinoma with obstructive jaundice. Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is an epithelial malignancy with markers of cholangiocyte differentiation arising within the biliary tree. It is characterized by a marked genetic heterogeneity which explains its high therapeutic resistance. CC is rare but related mortality is high because it is most often diagnosed at a locally advanced stage, not amenable to curative surgery.2 As no such study has been conducted in our population for the last five years so this will provide us the latest and updated information regarding frequency of common causes of obstructive jaundice. More over the results of this study will be compared with other studies conducted on national and international level to observe any significant difference in the disease pattern. The recommendations will be suggested regarding starting baseline treatments of patients with obstructive jaundice keeping in front the results of this study.


OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of cholangiocarcinoma in patients of obstructive jaundice.


METHODOLOGY: The present study was carried out at the department of General Surgery, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar. It was a descriptive cross sectional study and duration of study was one year from 1st August 2019 to 30th July 2020. The sample size was 241. All the patients presenting with clinical jaundice having serum bilirubin >3 mg/dl14, alkaline phosphatase levels > 306 mg/dl,  age between 18-60 years and both  gender were included The diagnosis in all these cases was based on history, clinical examination and routine laboratory investigations including Liver Function Tests (LFT’s). Ultrasound was done in all patients for the diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma. All these patients were prepared for surgery for 2 to 3 days after admission with injection vitamin K, intravenous antibiotics and infusion Mannitol, hydration status checked and corrected. After preparation all the patients were operated on the next list and in cases where mass is found biopsy were taken and sent for histopathology to detect cholangiocarinoma. All the data was analyzed in SPSS 20.0


RESULTS: In the current study a total of 241 patients were observed in which 75(31%) patients were in age range 18-30 years and 166(69%) patients were in age range 31-60 years. 140(58%) patients were male and 101(42%) patients were female. More over 7(3%) patients had cholangicarcinoma and 234(97%) patients didn’t had cholangicarcinoma.
CONCLUSION: Our study concludes that the frequency of cholangiocarcinoma was 3% in patients of obstructive jaundice.

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