CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN PESHAWAR REGION, KHYBER-PAKHTUNKHWA PAKISTAN.

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Muhammad Fawad
Muhammad Shimran Khan Afridi
Basit Ali
Abdullah Khan
Siraj ud Din
Muazzam Ali Khan
Zahid Islam
Saad Rahman
Inayat Ullah
Farhat Sunny
Talha Khan
Muhammad Ibrahim

Keywords

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Abstract

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease of tropical and subtropical regions and is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. For this study, samples were collected during the period of January to May 2022 in district Peshawar from Khyber Teaching Hospital and CMH Hospital.


The smear slides were prepared for each suspected patient, and these slides were then microscopically examined. A total of 239 samples were collected, of which 22.17% were positive and 77.82% were negative. In rural areas, the prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis was 23.72%, and in urban areas, the prevalence was 20.66%. The prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis is high in females, with a percentage of 88.67% and in males, 30.88%. The cutaneous leishmaniasis prevalence was high in the age group 1–15 years, with a percentage of 35.71%, while 9.8% were in the age group 45–60 years.


This study shows that in rural areas as a whole, prevalence was recorded as high as compared to urban areas due to a lack of awareness, an open housing system, and a low literacy rate. This study also shows that there has been a tremendous increase in cases of CL, and the disease has become endemic in many regions of Peshawar

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