ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH AND CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH OF ADULT CANCER SURVIVORS

Main Article Content

Hassan Muhammed Ul Haq
Eesha Arshad
Maham Imran
Aamrah Wakil
Aleena Ali Raza
Farhat. R. Malik
Nimra Sharif
Sabrina Ahmed

Keywords

Cancer, Patients, Survivors, CVD, Health, Socioeconomic, Factors

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular health in adult cancer survivors is a critical yet understudied aspect of survivorship care.


Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the associations between social determinants of health (SDOH) and cardiovascular outcomes in a diverse population of 180 adult cancer survivors.


Methods: Demographic and clinical data, socio-economic status, access to healthcare, psychosocial factors, and cardiovascular health outcomes were assessed. Statistical analyses, including chi-square tests, t-tests, and logistic regression models, were employed to identify associations and adjust for potential confounding variables.


Results: Higher household income was significantly associated with a lower prevalence of hypertension, emphasizing the role of socio-economic factors. Regular healthcare visits and health insurance were linked to reduced hypertension and high cholesterol, highlighting the importance of healthcare access. Depression exhibited a significant association with hypertension, underscoring the interplay between psychosocial factors and cardiovascular health.


Practical Implications: Public health interventions aimed at reducing social inequalities and improving healthcare access could contribute to broader improvements in cardiovascular health in this population.


Conclusion: The study provides insights into the intricate relationships between SDOH and cardiovascular outcomes in adult cancer survivors. The findings underscore the importance of tailoring survivorship care plans to address socio-economic disparities, enhance mental health support, and promote preventive cardiovascular care. These results contribute to a holistic understanding of survivorship care, emphasizing the need for targeted interventions to improve long-term cardiovascular health in this population.


 

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