Main Article Content

Hira Ahmad Farrah
Komal Riaz Cheema
Mona Khurshid
Ayesha Hussain
Azka Murtaza
Bushra Mazhar


Health and Wellbeing, Quality of Life, Menstruation


Outline: The onset of puberty in girls typically occurs between the ages of eleven to seventeen, with the first menstruation experienced during this period. Even though menstruation is a common biological process, several factors have an impact on adolescent females' menstrual hygiene. Girls' mental health is at risk due to the sociocultural context, which includes social media, attractiveness pressure and cyberbullying. The quality of life of menstruating women will be different on the basis of their health, economy, age etc.

Aims and objectives: In this article the researcher studied the quality of life of menstruating adolescent girls in the community and the researcher has focused on the menstrual health and hygiene and its effects.

Materials and Methods: Data has been collected from 120 girls both from urban and rural background from both cities using google form questionnaire.

Results: The results revealed that the more than eighty percent of the girls were using single use napkins as it is more comfortable but leads to health issues. It was found that more than seventy percent of the girls does not intake nutritious food during their periods continuously. Many girls are deprived of sanitary products for being costly or not accessible due to economic backwardness.  It is taken for granted when it is just using a piece of cloth; it is expected to be handled, disregarding the need for maintaining hygiene.

Discussion: We must create a parent-daughter communication bond in order to have informed, self-confident and healthy self-esteem girls. Awareness about setting a bond of hope between parent daughter by informing and preparing them regarding the menstruation and menstrual hygiene topics. In menstrual hygiene education it is important to include boys in all lessons to help eliminate the social stigma that exists between boys and girls during menstruation.

Abstract 349 | PDF Downloads 55


1. ACMHM. (2021, May 18). Menstruation and human rights - Frequently asked questions. ACMHM.
2. Anand, T., & Garg, S. (2015). Menstruation related myths in Pakistan: Strategies for combating it. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 4(2), 184.
3. Dasgupta and M. Sarkar, “Menstrual hygiene: how hygienic is the adolescent girl?” Indian Journal of Community Medicine, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 77–80, 2008.
4. Farrah, H. A., & Tahir, M. (2021). Assessing the impacts of social networking sites among Pakistani youth. Pakistan Journal of Social Research, 3(4), 272-280.
5. Komal Riaz Cheema, Airaj Riaz, Hafiza Ayesha Saeed, & Hira Ahmad Farrah. (2023). Effect of education and property rights on female empowerment in district Faisalabad. Pal Arch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 20(2), 524-533. Retrieved from
6. Kaur, R., Kaur, K., & Kaur, R. (2018). Menstrual Hygiene, Management, and Waste Disposal: Practices and Challenges Faced by Girls/Women of Developing Countries. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2018, 1–9.
7. Kiran, V. K., & Yashoda, K. (2020). Menstrual Hygiene Management among Rural Adolescent Girls of Agrarian Families. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 9(1), 891–899.
8. Mitsuo, Iwamoto. (1958). On Growth in Japanese Adolescent Girls. The Journal of Anthropological Society of Nippon, Doi: 10.1537/ASE1911.66.179
9. Menstrual Health and Hygiene. (n.d.). World Ban
10. Sharma, N., Vaid, S., & Manhas, A. (2006). Age at menarche in two caste groups (Brahmins and Rajputs) from rural areas of Jammu. Anthropologist, 8(1), 55– 58.
11. Rosalyn, Shute. (2018). Clinical Psychology and Adolescent Girls in a Postfeminist Era.
12. R. Dhingra, A. Kumar, and M. Kour, “Knowledge and practices related to menstruation among Tribal (Gujjar) adolescent girls,” Studies on Ethno-Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 43–48, 2009
13. V. Tjon A Ten, “Menstrual Hygiene: A Neglected Condition for the Achievement of Several Millennium Development Goals,” Europe External Policy Advisors, 2007
14. Illogical taboos about menstruation that still exist in India. (n.d.). Retrieved September 16, 2022, from

Most read articles by the same author(s)