Main Article Content

Umair Liaqat
Akhtar Nawaz Ganjera
Muhammad Farhan Tabassum
Rabia Karim
Mufeez Alam
Ayesha Qudus


Cognitive Play, Perceptual Motor Learning, School Aged Child


School aged child’s education represents a window of opportunity. For children and family, the earliest twelve years of a child’s life are key to predicting ultimate success in school and in life. We must use cognitive play techniques for better learning outcomes, because cognitive play effects the child’s perceptual motor learning and gives the positive outcomes. The study is related to the field of school aged child education. The design of the study was descriptive. The data was collected from the teachers of private schools located near Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore. Target population was 70(5) = 350. By using the Yamane formula, the sample was 186.  Convenient and purposive sampling techniques were used for the collection of samples for the study. The questionnaire for teachers were used for the collection of information and responses. After getting the responses the data was entered into the computer and was analyzed by SPSS (statistical Package for Social Sciences) software. The data was analyzed by Reliability, Normality, Frequencies and percentage of variables, Correlation, and regression test. The results of overall reliability test were 0.847. In normality Shapiro-wilk test the results of statistic were .926 for cognitive play and .954 for perceptual motor learning, significance results were .000 for both. Correlations of cognitive play and perceptual motor learning was .540. Total of Regression and Residual was 29.020. Play improves the child’s cognitive development. Majority of the teachers agreed that perceptual motor learning is occurring among school aged child. Majority of the school aged child teachers agreed that school aged children learn through cognitive play. The present study was limited to 4 schools near Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore. The similar kind of research should be conducted on the sample drawn from different schools which may lead to a more precise generalization.

Abstract 165 | pdf Downloads 116


1. Adi, B. S., Irianto, D. P., & Sukarmin, Y. (2022). Teachers’ perspectives in motor learning with traditional game approach for early childhood. Cakrawala Pendidikan: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, 41(1), 1-11.
2. Ahmed, A. S., Sadeea, H., & ul Hassan, S. M. (2020). The Relationship of Sports and Physical Activity to the Academic Achievement-A Case of Hearing-Impaired Children. THE SKY-International Journal of Physical Education Sports Sciences (1), 170-182.
3. Ahmed, A. S., Tabassum, M. F., Iqbal, M., Khan, S. U., Karim, R., & Mahmood-ul-Hassan, S. (2021). Determinants of Depression in Epileptic Patients in Pakistan. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 12(9).
4. Asghar, R., Hassan, S., Tabassum, M. F., Tabassum, Y., Karim, R., & Qudus, A. (2021). Impact of passion and emotional reactions to success and failure among athletes. PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 18(10), 7-16.
5. Babar, F., Tabassum, M. F., Sattar, S., Hassan, S., & Karim, R. (2021). Analysis of table tennis skills: an assessment of shadow practice in learning forehand and backhand drive. PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 18(08), 4488-4502.
6. Batez, M., Milošević, Ž., Mikulić, I., Sporiš, G., Mačak, D., & Trajković, N. (2021). Relationship between motor competence, physical fitness, and academic achievement in young school-aged children. BioMed Research International, 2021.
7. Bibi, A., Tabassum, M. F., & Mahmood-ul-Hassan, S. I. O. (2020). Affect of Sleep Loss and Mood on the Performance of Athletes. Ilkogretim Online, 19(3), 3617-3624.
8. Botshekan, Z., Gorji, Y., Zahedi, H., Raeesi, Z., & Zarrin, H. (2022). Comparison of the Effect of Interventions based on Spark Perceptual-Motor Exercises, Neurofeedback and Mindfulness on the Sensory Integration of Children in the Second Grade of Elementary School with ADHD. The Journal of New Thoughts on Education, 18(3), 143-163.
9. Fatima, T., Tabassum, M. F., Khan, S. U., Mahmood-ul-Hassan, S., & Karim, R. (2020). Wellness Impact On The Performance Of Young Female Athletes. Ilkogretim Online, 19(4), 5462-5470.
10. Hassan, S., Ahmad, J., & Tabassum, M. F. (2021). A Critical Discourse Analysis of Editorial Cartoons, in the Context of India-Pakistan Relationship. Biannual Research Journal Grassroots, 55(2), 177-197.
11. Heri, M., Pratama, A. A., Ariana, P. A., & Dewi, K. A. K. (2022). The Effect of Puzzle Playing on Smooth Motor Development in Children Aged 5-6 Years at TK. Kumara Canthi (Kindergarten) Singaraja. Nursing and Health Sciences Journal (NHSJ), 2(4), 332-335.
12. Iqbal, Y., Aslam, S., & Ashfaq, M. (2019). The Impacts Of Co-Curricular Activities On Physical And Mental Health Of Secondary School Students In FATA. THE SKY-International Journal of Physical Education Sports Sciences, 3(1), 12-27.
13. Jaksic, D., Mandic, S., Maksimovic, N., Milosevic, Z., Roklicer, R., Vukovic, J., ... & Drid, P. (2020). Effects of a nine-month physical activity intervention on morphological characteristics and motor and cognitive skills of preschool children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 6609.
14. Kashi, A., Arabameri, E., & Molanorouzi, K. (2021). The effect of early exercise interventions on gross motor skills of children with preterm birth aged 3 to 6 years. Jorjani Biomedicine Journal, 9(3), 4-12.
15. Kim, H., Kim, S., & Wu, J. (2022). Perceptual-Motor Abilities of Professional Esports Gamers and Amateurs. Journal of Electronic Gaming and Esports, 1(aop), 1-6
16. Mazhar, S., Tabassum, M. F., Khan, S. U., Karim, R., Mahmood-ul-Hassan, S., & Ahmed, A. S. J. T. O. J. o. Q. I. (2021). Impact of Emotional Intelligence and Motivation on Sport Performance of Female Athletes. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 12(10), 4916-4933.
17. McGuine, T. A., M Biese, K., Hetzel, S. J., Schwarz, A., Kliethermes, S., Reardon, C. L., & Watson, A. M. (2022). High school sports during the COVID-19 pandemic: the effect of sport participation on the health of adolescents. Journal of Athletic Training, 57(1), 51-58.
18. Mohan, M., Celshiya, R., Karuppali, S., Bhat, J. S., & Anil, M. A. (2022). Pretend play in pre-schoolers: Need for structured and free play in pre-schools. South African Journal of Childhood Education, 12(1), 1-8.
19. Railsback, D., Caporusso, N., & Ahram, T. (2019). Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. In International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2018) (pp. 325-334).
20. Rechtik, Z., Miklánková, L., Pugnerová, M., & Navrátilová, A. (2022). Motor Skills In Relation With Perceptual Maturity In First Graders. In EDULEARN22 Proceedings (pp. 8567-8572). IATED.
21. Tahir, H., Tabassum, M. F., Arshad, S., Farah, H., Zahra, S. M., Nawaz, A., . . . Hassan, S. (2021). Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training Acting as a Mediator between Anxiety and Performance of Taekwondo Athlete. Linguistica Antverpiensia, 20(4), 7669-7678.
22. Wang, C., Li, W., Zhou, Y., Nan, F., Zhao, G., & Zhang, Q. (2021). The Relationship Between Internal Motor Imagery and Motor Inhibition in School-Aged Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 17(1).