EXPLORING MATERNAL AWARENESS OF CHILDHOOD DIARRHEA IN THE COMMUNITY OF KARACHI PAKISTAN

Main Article Content

Javed Iqbal
Dr. Asfand yar Khalid
Dr. Muna Al Maslamani
Dr Maliha B.Thapur
Rizwan Ali
Afsha Bibi
Dr Mohd Abu Khattab
Dr Muna Al Rashid
Amir Sultan
Muhammmad Hasnain Shaikh
Nasir Ali

Keywords

Exploring, Maternal, Awareness, Childhood, Diarrhea

Abstract

Background: Diarrhea is characterized by the passage of loose or watery stools, often accompanied by vomiting and dehydration. Childhood diarrhea is a major global health issue affecting millions of children under 5, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.


Objective: To explore maternal awareness of childhood diarrhea in the community of Karachi, Pakistan.


Methodology:  This Survey was conducted in the rural community of Karachi, Pakistan, from December 2022 to April 2023. A total of 100 women were part of this study. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire.


Result: Results indicated that 20% recognized watery stool and increased frequency as diarrhea symptoms, while 40% identified contaminated water and "evil eyes" as causes. Around 70% correctly associated sunken eyes with dehydration signs. Additionally, 30% recognized lethargy as a consequence, 55% knew about weight loss, 40% mentioned oral rehydration for treatment, and 55% recognized hand hygiene for prevention.


Conclusion: The survey underscores mixed maternal awareness of childhood diarrhea, accurately recognizing some symptoms, causes, and prevention measures but persistent misconceptions. Focused education is crucial to rectify misconceptions and improve understanding for effective management.

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