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Saquib Irfan
Hiba Amjad Peracha
Hamza Shoaib
Imran Khawaja
Muhammad Kazim Bashir


Physical inactivity, Adults, Predictors


Background and Aim: Globally, Physical inactivity is a major health issue that increases the risk factors non-communicable diseases (NCD). Approximately one third of population are physically inactive. The present study aimed to determine the frequency and determinants of physical inactivity among adults.

Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 326 adults (>18 years) in the Department of Community Medicine, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from June 2022 to March 2023. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess the participant’s knowledge regarding physical activities, sleep quality, weight loss, diabetes decrease risk, heart attack, helping digestion, muscular fitness, and promoting regular bowel movements. Socio-demographic details, physical activity levels, health profile, and phase of physical behavior changes were recorded.

Results: The overall mean age of the participants was 31.82±8.92 years. The prevalence of physical inactive adults was 51.5% (n=168). Out of 326 participants, there were 60.1% (n=196) were male and 39.9% (n=130) females. About 17.8% (n=58) adults were current tobacco users whereas 22.7% (n=74) were illiterate adults. Regarding participant’s knowledge, approximately 74.3% (n=242) were aware that physical activity assist in weight loss. Physical activity helps in stronger bones 69.9% (n=228) and improve muscular fitness 71.2% (n=232). Awareness regarding improving sleep quality, reduces depressive symptoms, promotes regular movements, and reduces stress was found in 62.6% (n=204), 55.2% (n=180), 64.7% (n=211), and 58.3% (n=190) respectively.

Conclusion: The incidence of physical activity among adults was 51.5%. Age, gender, and education level are obvious predictors of physical inactivity that may be focused with aimed to reduce the physical inactivity among adults.

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