PREVALENCE OF SMARTPHONE ADDICTION AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH IMPULSIVITY AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS

Main Article Content

Dr. Makhan Shakya
Dr. Amrita Chauhan
Dr. Seema Sharma
Dr. Ashish Saraswat
Daisy Rure
Dr. Rajesh Singh
Dr. Akshat Shrivastava

Keywords

Smartphone addiction, Problematic Smartphone use, Impulsivity, ADHD, Medical Students

Abstract

Background: The use of smartphones has increased significantly in recent years, and there are 5 million smartphone applications helping users to have immediate access to these limitless facilities. The concept rapidly evolved towards smartphone addiction, which is defined as the inability to control the impulse to excessively use the smartphone, with consequent negative results for the user's quality of life. This study seeks to address this gap in the literature, this research aims to find the prevalence of smartphone addiction in undergraduate students and to its association with impulsivity.


Objectives: 1. To find the prevalence of smartphone addiction in undergraduate students.



  1. To find the relationship between smartphone addiction and impulsivity.


Materials and Method: This retrospective study was designed by Department of Psychiatry, GMC, Datia, (M.P.), India and was conducted over a period of 6 months from October 2022 to April 2023. Scales used were Smartphone Addiction Scale Short-version (SAS-SV) and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 Short Form (BIS-11 SF).


Results: Smartphone addiction was found to be present in 64.7 % of the participants in our study. 31.4% of the study participants had total BIS score of >90, which corresponds with high impulsivity, whereas, 64.7% had score of ≥ 29, which signifies addiction. There was significant correlation between BIS and SAS, which suggests that high trait impulsivity is one of the risk factors involved in developing adiction among smartphone users.


Conclusions: A significant burden of smartphone addiction and a tendency for impaired control that compromises the health  were prevalent in medical students.

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