PILOT STUDY ABOUT HOSPITAL PHARMACY RESIDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF PHARMACOVIGILANCE IN BELGIUM, FRANCE, CANADA AND SWITZERLAND

Main Article Content

Lena Cerruti
Denis Lebel
Thierry Van Hees
Olivier Bourdon
Pascal Bonnabry
Anne Spinewine
Jean-Daniel Hecq
Jean-Francois Bussieres

Keywords

Adverse drug reactions, adverse drug reaction reporting, pharmacovigilance, hospital pharmacy resident, perception

Abstract

Background


Pharmacovigilance is defined as the science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Although pharmacovigilance is a responsibility for all healthcare professionals, this activity is an important part of a pharmacist’s practice. Hospital pharmacy residents are expected to have the necessary skills to monitor, manage, report and prevent ADRs as a part of their academic curriculum. Assessing and comparing perceptions of pharmacovigilance of hospital pharmacy residents from four different countries can contribute to a reflection about their education and their role in pharmacovigilance.


Objectives


To assess and compare the perception of pharmacovigilance of hospital pharmacy residents from Belgium, France, Canada and Switzerland.


Methods


A cross-sectional study was conducted in March 2014 using an online -questionnaire administrated to 229 hospital pharmacy residents. Nineteen questions were organized into five sections: demographic data, pharmacovigilance education and practice, attitudes toward reporting adverse drug reactions, obstacles to reporting ADRs and measures to improve ADRs reporting rate.


Results


Unlike the French residents, most of the other respondents believed that they had received an adequate pharmacovigilance education. The main obstacles to ADR reporting were similar: lack of experience and concern about overwork. The same measures concerning the development of pharmacovigilance were identified. Hospital residents expected local measures for a closer pharmacovigilance.


Conclusions


These observations lead us to think that standardizing and changing hospital pharmacy residents’ education and good practices in clinical pharmacovigilance are required to optimize patient care.

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