Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among groups of Foundling and Delinquent Children in comparison with mainstream children

Main Article Content

Abdulaziz Abdullah Alsaif
Thamer Adel Alkhadra
AlBandary Hassan AlJameel

Keywords

Oral Health Related Quality Of Life, Delinquents, Foundling,

Abstract

Aim: The current study envisages ones understanding about the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among groups of Foundling and Delinquent Children and compare them with mainstream children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


Method: The study is a cross-sectional, observational study of a group of foundling and delinquent children aged 11 to 14 years in care houses in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and mainstream school children. Variables measured for each group will be: demographic data (age, gender), Subjective oral health condition, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). An interview-based questionnaire will be used for collecting the relevant data. The questionnaire will be divided into four parts, oral symptoms, functional limitations, emotional well-being and social well-being with each response scored as per the following codes: (0) never; (1) once/twice; (2) sometimes; (3) often; and (4) every day. The top possible score for the total scale will be 144, and the lowest 0. A comparison group of mainstream school children will be recruited from public schools. Data will be analysed using SPSS version 25.0 statistical software and One-way ANOVA for data when three levels or more are categorical, and response is numerical. A chi-square test will be used to assess the correlation between any two categorical variables.


Results: Out of the total sample of 99 children 33 were delinquents, 33 were foundling and a comparative group of 33 mainstream children were included in the study. It was noted that the delinquents as compared to the other children had significantly higher scores in accordance to the data collected with a mean overall score of 30.61 as compared to the foundling- 19.48 and mainstream children that had a strikingly low score of 9.18. Individual factors like the oral symptoms, functional limitations and emotional and social well-being were scored separately with delinquents having the highest scores and mainstream children the least. 


Conclusion: Health, including oral health is a right everyone is equally subjected to and while the concept of oral health related quality of life is fairly new, delinquents and foundling are definitely subjected to poorer standards in terms of their oral hygiene, in time treatment and diagnosis which further deteriorates their quality of life.

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