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Saima Rafique
Nasira Sohail
Mahesh Kumar
Sarfaraz Ahmed
Ravi Kumar
Muhammad Sohail Baig


tuberculosis, diabetes mellitus, treatment outcomes


Background: World's disease patterns have shifted, with communicable diseases (CDs) declining and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) increasing. This change has resulted in a struggle for policy attention and resources between supporters of CDs such as tuberculosis (TB) and NCDs such as cardiovascular disease and diabetic mellitus (DM). Currently, there are around 9.6 million new tuberculosis cases per year worldwide, with 1 million of these individuals also having diabetes. The bidirectional link between TB and diabetes suggests that diabetes increases the likelihood of developing TB, whereas TB can cause impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and new-onset diabetes.

Objective: To monitor the health and treatment outcomes of tuberculosis patients with diabetes during and after treatment

Study design: A longitudinal study

Place and Duration: This study was conducted in Bhitai Dental and Medical College Mirpurkhas from April 2023 to April 2024

Methodology: The participants were all tuberculosis patients who were newly registered with DM cases. A random blood sugar test was used to screen all TB patients for the detection of diabetes mellitus. A laboratory technician collected the samples, which were then analyzed in the lab. All TB patients were checked for diabetes using a random blood sugar test, with samples collected and analyzed by a lab technician.

Results: There were a total of 70 cases that were enrolled in this research. The male to female ratio was 3:1. Majority of the cases were from the age group 51 years to 60 years. Majority of the cases were from urban slum areas.

Conclusion: The integration of tuberculosis and diabetes care improves treatment outcomes and quality of life, which is critical for treating TB and DM effectively.

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