Effect of a standard schema of self-monitoring blood glucose in patients with poorly controlled, non-insulin treated type 2 diabetes mellitus: A controlled longitudinal study.

Main Article Content

Bruno Madeo
Chiara Diazzi
Antonio R M Granata
Marwan El Ghoch
Carla Greco
Stefania Romano
Sara Scaltriti
Vincenzo Rochira

Keywords

glycated haemoglobin non-insulin treatment type 2 diabetes., self-monitoring of blood glucose.

Abstract

The effect of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) on glycemic control with regard to non-insulin-treated Type 2 diabetes mellitus (NIT-Type 2 DM) is still a controversial topic. Against this backdrop, we sought to compare the effect of a continuous short-term SMBG schema with as-usual treatment, based on changes in oral antidiabetic treatment in patients with poorly controlled Type 2 DM.


We reviewed 492 NIT-Type 2 DM record charts, selecting 27 patients, with poor glycemic control, who were thought to self-monitor their blood glucose levels (SMBG group). We then compared them with 27 patients treated with modifying drugs or diets to achieve and maintain the glycemic target (Control Group). Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) were evaluated at baseline, after 3 and 6 months.


HbA1c values decreased after 3 and 6 months in the SMBG group (P < 0.001 on both occasions) and in the control group (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively), but without a significant difference between the two groups when compared at the same time. The FPG progressively decreased in both groups, reaching a significant difference in the SMBG group after 3 months and in the control group after 6 months, and without a significant difference between the two groups.


The SMBG schema used in our study could be adopted for target groups before proceeding to the next therapeutic enhancement drug step, representing a useful tool that can help diabetic patients in raising awareness of and treating their disease.

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