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Dr. Intsam Aslam PT1, Atif Ali Attar2, Dr Ume Ammara3, Muhammad Izhar Ahmed4, Dr.Kanwal Fatima5, Dr Muhammad Adeel Arshad6, Wasifa Rauf7, Dr. Hira Rafique8, Muhammad Asif Javed9


Autism Spectrum disorder, Autism, Balance, Cuevas Medek Exercises, Postural Ability, Postural Quality.


Autism Spectrum Disorder  affects individuals' social interaction, communication, and behavior. It affects individuals across their lifespan and is typically diagnosed in early childhood.

Objective: To find-out the effect of Cuevas Medek Exercises (CME) on the balance and posture control of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder

Methods: The study was single blinded randomized controlled design in which non-probability convenience sampling technique was utilized to recruit 32 ASD patients. Using lottery method, the participants were randomly divided in to two groups, the control group and treatment group. Pediatric balance scale and posture and postural ability scale was used to assess the balance and posture in autistic children. Data was analyzed by using SPSS v 26.

Results: The mean age of the children was 4.56±1.014 years. Independent sample t-test of PBS showed significant with a p-value of 0.002, thus accepting the alternate hypothesis i.e. Cuevas Medek exercises are effective in improving balance among autistic children. The mean value for PBS in treatment group was improved from 34.19±5.671 (pre-test) to 45.56±4.70 (post-test). However, Man-Whitney U test on PPAS showed that both the treatments were equally effective in improving postures in both groups i.e. treatment and control group, as p-value was greater than 0.05 for all the sub-scales of PPAS i.e. Standing, Sitting, Supine and Prone position.

Conclusion: From the results of the study, it was concluded that both the conventional treatment and Cuevas Medek exercises improved posture in patients with ASD. Cuevas Medek was not found to be superior to conventional treatment.  However, Cuevas Medek exercises were more effective in improving balance in ASD then the conventional treatment.

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