Main Article Content

Tariq Mahmood khan
Omair khan
Salma Shazia
Nadia Munir
Asad Mahmood
Aftab Tanoli
Rabia Zulfiqar
Haq Nawaz


Knowledge, forensic science, forensic odontology, general health and dental professionals


In this study, dental practitioners in Pakistan were asked about their knowledge and familiarity with FO. Another goal was to create resources to provide basic information about FO and highlight the significance of dental records. The ethical committee authorized the investigation's approach (#09208-22-2023). There was a cross-sectional investigation. The study population included all dental and general health professionals working in various settings such as Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan, and Lahore Medical & Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan, including dental faculty members of different dental specialties. The analysis of the data was done with SPSS 26. The p-value of less than 0.05 was found to be statistically significant. There were 55.7% participants were dental professionals following 44.3% participants were general health professionals. 40% were residents, 37.3% were academic specialists, and 22.7% were consultants. Almost 8.1% of the respondents were having poor knowledge about forensic odontology. Yet, 89.7% of all respondents had no information received about this branch. Most of the respondents reported that only 31.9% doctors knew that they can use dentistry as evidence with significant p-value of 0.000 while 61.6% does not focus on this point. As per study approach, 74.50% dental professionals and 44.60% general health professionals have thought that if forensic odontology would emerge as other professions then it will increase the clinical significance while 17.30% dental professionals and 22.40% general health professionals have thought that it will enhance the efficiency of investigation process. It is concluded that according to the latest research, general health practitioners are less knowledgeable than dentistry professionals. Nevertheless, this situation can be improved by adding forensic odontology to Pakistan's forensic science and dental science curricula. Dental practitioners must keep oral records since they are also helpful from a medico-legal perspective. General health and dentistry professionals must constantly update their understanding of forensic odontology.


Abstract 38 | PDF Downloads 19


1. Al Khalaf, A. H., Al Nahawi, D. E., Al Naser, H. H., & Nazir, M. A. (2017). The knowledge and practice of forensic dentistry among dental practitioners in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Int J Adv Res, 5, 1971-8.
2. Alsowayigh, K., Almajaishe, R., Alateeq, H., Alaskar, N., Alamoudi, A., & Alzahrani, K. (2021). Forensic Odontology Knowledge Analysis among Undergraduates Dental Students in Saudi Aribia.
3. Alshaqaq, M., Albekairi, M., Almakhlafi, L., Alessa, A., Aldhafyan, H., Almohammedsaleh, H., & Ansari, S. H. (2018). Knowledge and Awareness of Forensic Odontology among the Dental Practitioners in Riyadh City: A Survey-Based Study. Donnish Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, 4(2), 54-62.
4. Nazir, M. A., Al‐Ansari, A., Al‐Khalifa, K., & Gaffar, B. O. (2019). Determinants of knowledge and practice of forensic dentistry amongst dental practitioners. European Journal of Dental Education, 23(4), 491-497.
5. Duraimurugan, S., Gokkulakrishnan, S., Karthikeyan, M., Suresh, K. G., Abishek, R. B., & Srinivasalu, P. (2017). Awareness of forensic dentistry among dental students and practitioners in and around Kanchipuram district. Int J Recent Sci Res, 8, 16749-52.
6. Ali, A., Sardar, K. P., Nasir, S., & Wakar, S. M. (2016). Knowledge, attitude and practice of forensic odontology among graduates and post graduate students at Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS). JPDA, 25(03), 111.
7. Abdul, N. S., Alhazani, L., Alruwail, R., Aldres, S., & Asil, S. (2019). Awareness of forensic odontology among undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate dental students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A knowledge-, attitude-, and practice-based study. Journal of forensic dental sciences, 11(1), 35.
8. Almutairi, A. F., Alkhtheri, B. A., Aleidan, H. N., Alhabib, A. A., Alotaibi, E. A., & Salam, M. (2018). Examining the perceived versus the actual knowledge about forensic odontology: A cross‐sectional survey among dentists. Clinical and Experimental Dental Research, 4(6), 297-304.
9. Sharma, A., Shokeen, S., Arora, R., & Dhaginakatti, S. A. (2015). Survey on knowledge, attitude and practice of forensic odontology among private dental practitioners in Ghaziabad city, India. Journal of Dental Specialities, 3(1).
10. Dr. Nabin Kumar Sinjali Magar, Dr. Dhruba Gaire & Dr. Prasanna Bahadur Amatya (2024). Evaluation of Pulmonary Hypertension in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) by assessment of Chest X- Ray, ECG and Echocardiography. Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(02):132-144.
11. Dr. Rosina Paudel, Dr. Dhan Keshar Khadka & Dr. Arpana Rijal (2024). Clinico-epidemiological Profile of Adult Acne and factors Associated with Adult Acne . Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(02):145-164.
12. Dr. Sangam Pokharel, Dr. Rajesh Yadav, Dr. Anima Pradhan & Dr. Ashmita Paudel (2024). Comparative Study of Bupivacaine 0.5% and Ropivacaine 0.75% Epidurally In Lower Limb Orthopedic Surgeries. Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(02):165-173.
13. Ms. Saroja Poudel & Dr. Rajesh Niraula (2024). Comprehensive study of Placenta Previa & Its Psychological Consequences. Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(02):174-187.
14. Dr. Sujan Pradhan, Dr. Sabi Rana, Dr. Property Bhandari, Dr. Ozone Shrestha & Dr. Pranjal Shrestha (2024). The Correlation of Hearing Loss with Site & Size in Tympanic Membrane Perforation. Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(02):188-198.
15. Zulfiqar, R., Khuwaja, I. G., Hussain, S. S., Bhuiyan, M. D. A., Shazu, S., Ijaz, H. S., ... & Judi, H. K. (2023). Artificial Intelligence As A Diagnostic Tool In Medicine And Community Dentistry: A Systematic Literature. Artificial Intelligence, 54(09).
16. Abdul Mumin, Abdullah Al Amin, A.K.M. Shahriar Kabir, Rifat Ara Noor & Urmi Rahman (2024). Role of C- Reactive Protein (CRP) and Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) in detecting severity & Predicting outcome of Acute Pancreatitis patients. Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(01):01-12.
17. Dr. Prabin Kumar Jha, Dr. Bindu Laxmi Shah, Dr. Shruti Kumari Thakur & Dr. Avinash Thakur (2024). Effectiveness of Dexamethasone as an Adjuvant to Bupivacaine in Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block. Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(01):13-25.
18. Nahal Mostak Khan, Soheb Ahmed Robin, Lutfullahil Khabir & Sohel Mahmud (2024). Role of Vitamin C in Development of Age Related Cataract. Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(01):26-34.
19. Nistha Thapa, Puja Gartaula & Pushpa Chand Thakuri (2024). Knowledge of hygienic food-handling Practices among street Food vendors in Dhading Besi, District Dhading, Nepal. Dinkum Journal of Medical Innovations, 3(01):35-51.
20. Al Sheddi, M., & Al Asiri, A. (2015). Awareness of the scope and practice of forensic dentistry among dental practitioners. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 47(2), 194-199.
21. Berketa, J. W., James, H., & Lake, A. W. (2012). Forensic odontology involvement in disaster victim identification. Forensic science, medicine, and pathology, 8, 148-156.
22. Harchandani, N., Marathe, S., Hebbale, M., Ul Nisa, S., & Hiremutt, D. (2014). Awareness of forensic odontology among general dental practitioners in Pune-A cross-sectional study. J Adv Med Dent Sci Res, 2(3), 10-6.
23. Singh, K., Anandani, C., Bhullar, R. K., Agrawal, A., Chaudhary, H., & Thakral, A. (2012). Teeth and their secrets-Forensic dentistry. J Forensic Res, 3(1), 141.
24. Mazza, A., Merlati, G., Savio, C., Fassina, G., Menghini, P., & Danesino, P. (2005). Observations on dental structures when placed in contact with acids: Experimental studies to aid identification processes. Journal of Forensic and Sciences, 50(2), JFS2004292-5.
25. Navya, N., & Raj, J. D. (2016). To assess the knowledge and attitude toward forensic odontology among dentists in Chennai city. International Journal of Forensic Odontology, 1(1), 17.
26. Shivani, B., Arshroop, K., Karanprakash, S., Mahjeet, S. P., Navgeet, P., & Chitra, A. (2017). Perception of forensic odontology and its practice among local dentists of an institution. J Forensic Res, 8, 1-4.
27. Nagarajappa, R., Mehta, M., Shukla, N., Tuteja, J. S., & Bhalla, A. (2014). Awareness of forensic odontology among dental practitioners in Kanpur city, India: A KAP study. J Dent Res Updates, 1(1), 6-12.
28. Rahman, J., Routray, S., Mishra, S. S., Mohanty, I., Mohanty, N., & Sukla, N. (2017). Knowledge, awareness, and practice of forensic odontology among dental surgeons in Bhubaneswar, India. Journal of Unexplored Medical Data¦ Volume, 2, 27.
29. AlBaker, A. M., Al-Ruthia, Y. S. H., AlShehri, M., & Alshuwairikh, S. (2017). The characteristics and distribution of dentist workforce in Saudi Arabia: a descriptive cross-sectional study. Saudi pharmaceutical journal, 25(8), 1208-1216.
30. Keiser-Nielsen, S. (1968). Forensic odontology. International dental journal, 18(3), 668-683.
31. Rontogianni, A., Mitsea, A., & Karayianni, K. (2023). Child Abuse and Neglect Screening: The Role of the Dental Team. European Journal of Dental and Oral Health, 4(1), 14-17.

Most read articles by the same author(s)