Impact of Sexual Violence on the Psychological Well-being of Adults and Children in Post-Conflict Settings: A Study at a Tertiary Care Hospital Hyderabad

Main Article Content

Dr. Ishrat Bibi, Dr. Arooj Fatima, Dr Samreen Fatima, Saleena Akram, Islam Mohamed Ahmed Salih, Dr Abdul Samad, Fahmida Khatoon

Keywords

Sexual violence, psychological well-being, post-conflict settings, adults, children, emergency department, forensic medicine, Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad, LUMHS Jamshoro.

Abstract

Sexual violence is a pervasive issue, particularly in post-conflict settings, adversely affecting the psychological well-being of both adults and children. Understanding the extent and nature of this impact is crucial for effective intervention and support.


Aim: This research intended to investigate effect of sexual violence on psychological well-being of adults and children in a post-conflict setting, specifically focusing on patients presenting to the Emergency department of Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad and Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, LUMHS, Jamshoro.


Methods: A retrospective analysis of medical records was conducted for 92 patients who reported incidents of sexual violence between January 2022 to December 2022. Data regarding the nature of the violence, demographics, and psychological assessments were collected and analyzed.


Results: The study revealed a significant association between sexual violence and adverse psychological outcomes in both adults and children. Among adults, signs of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were prevalent. Children, on the other hand, exhibited symptoms of PTSD, behavioral issues, and impaired social functioning. Female victims outnumbered male victims across all age groups.


Conclusion: Sexual violence has a profound and lasting impact on the psychological well-being of both adults and children in post-conflict settings. Early identification, comprehensive support services, and targeted interventions are essential to mitigate the adverse effects of such trauma.

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