EXAMINING CD133, C-MYC, AND AXL EXPRESSION IN COLON ADENOCARCINOMAS: PROGNOSTIC VALUE AND CLINICAL ASSOCIATIONS

Main Article Content

Ayesha Erum Hadi
Muntaser Ibrahim Aasi Massad
Faraz Waheed
Shagufta Rasool
Maryam Naz
Syed Adnan Rahmat
Sidra Ahmad

Keywords

Primary Health Care, Counseling, Healthcare Staff, Motor Activity, Public Health

Abstract

Background: This study aims to characterize the types of physical exercise counseling practitioners utilize in public health care and their corresponding methods. The research was conducted across different regions of Pakistan, focusing on primary health care (PHC) settings.


 


Methods: A survey was conducted among medical professionals, with 587 (85.4%) female respondents. The study focused on counseling activities conducted within the past 12 months. Functional components and approaches of counseling methods were scrutinized.


 


Results: Recommendations for physical activity were made in 86.2% (95% CI = 83.2–88.8%) of cases. Counseling was typically described as brief, one-on-one sessions tailored for adults, senior citizens, and individuals with mental health concerns. A significant proportion (89.5%) of individuals were encouraged to join physical exercise groups at Health Centers. The most frequently employed technique within the 5As method was "providing advice" (99.0%) while motivating people to join organizations was the least utilized tactic (0%). Adherence to plans was observed in 22.6% of cases.


 


Conclusion: Physical exercise counseling predominantly adopted a brief, one-on-one approach, targeting adults, the elderly, and individuals with health issues. However, the effectiveness of these counseling methods appears to be limited, as indicated by the discrepancy between recommended strategies and their actual implementation. Improving support and care for individuals targeted by these counseling procedures is needed.

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