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Indrajit Ananda Kannan
Shanthi Ponnandai Swaminathan
Vikas Kawarat
Rajeshwari Mani
Arul Kumar Chinnappan


diabetic foot ulcers,, DFUs, platelet-rich plasma, PRP dressing, placental extract gel dressing, Bates-Jensen Wound Assessment Scale, wound healing


Introduction: This study addresses the growing healthcare challenge of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), a severe complication of diabetes mellitus, by comparing the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) dressing versus placental extract gel dressing. These ulcers can lead to significant morbidity, including amputations, thereby affecting patients' quality of life.

Objective: To compare the efficacy of PRP dressing versus placental extract gel dressing in the management of DFUs, using the Bates-Jensen Wound Assessment Scale for outcome measurement.

Methodology: A randomized control trial was conducted at the Institute of General Surgery, Madras Medical College, and Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, Chennai, involving 84 patients with diabetic foot ulcers. Patients were randomly assigned to two groups: Group A received placental extract gel dressing, and Group B received PRP dressing. The study followed strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, with a comprehensive analysis plan using IBM SPSS Statistics software for data analysis.

Results: The study found significant differences in wound healing rates between the two groups. All patients in the PRP dressing group (Group B) achieved complete wound closure, while none in the placental extract gel dressing group (Group A) did. Furthermore, the reduction in the Bates-Jensen Wound Assessment Scale score was greater and faster in the PRP dressing group, indicating a more efficient healing process.

Conclusion: PRP dressing demonstrates a significant advantage over placental extract gel dressing in promoting the healing of diabetic foot ulcers, as evidenced by higher wound closure rates and improved Bates-Jensen Wound Assessment Scale scores. This therapeutic approach shows promise in the management of DFUs, contributing to better patient outcomes and reduced complications.

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