A RETROSPECTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY ON VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY AND IT'S CORRELATION WITH LOW BACK PAIN IN OT PERSONNEL

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Dr Chavi Sethi
Dr Chitrangana Gupta
Dr Amit Sehgal
Dr. RK Verma

Keywords

Abstract

Introduction: The yearly prevalence of lower back pain among healthcare professionals, nurses, and operating room staff has increased to 40-50%. Study was done to determine vitamin D status in OT personnel with LBP and its correlation with VAS severity of pain. All OT personnel with LBP who presented to the outpatient department from October 2023 to February 2024 were retrospectively examined.


Material and Methods: The study included 140 OT personnel who experienced LBP. between the ages of 18 and 65, of both sexes with LBP were included in the study. Participants were categorized into three groups: those with deficient levels of Vitamin D (Group 1) and those with insufficient levels (Group 2) as well as those with sufficient levels (Group 3), with a cutoff value of 30 ng/mL for Serum Vitamin D. The participants demographic data and VAS scores were recorded. The study investigated the relationship between Vitamin D levels and VAS scores using the Spearman coefficient. Results with a P value of ≤ 0.05 were considered statistically significant.


Result: Majority of the participants were adults, females, married, vegetarians, overweight or obese, and reported an average sun exposure time of twenty minutes. In Group 1, a majority of the patients (78%) had significantly lower mean vitamin D levels compared to the other groups (P < 0.001). The correlation between vitamin D and VAS was found to be negative (-0.452), with a significant P value of less than 0.001.


Conclusion: The study revealed a strong correlation of vitamin D deficiency among OT personnel experiencing LBP, and a significant negative correlation between vitamin D levels and the severity of pain.

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