CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL IDENTIFICATION OF KIDNEY STONES: A METHODOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION USING KAMLET AND FEIGL METHODS

Main Article Content

Shazia Parveen Solangi
Dr. Saba Shafique
Muhammad Usama
Dr Hatim Lokhandwala
Saw Paul Wai Htoo
Herbi Yuliantoro

Keywords

Urinary Crystals, Identification, Physicochemical, Kidney Stones.

Abstract

Introduction: Kidney stone formation arises from accumulating crystals and organic materials within the urinary system, constituting a prevalent global health concern. Laboratory investigations are pivotal in stone detection, aiding patient prevention and management. This study focuses on the chemical and physical identification of two kidney stones utilizing the Kamlet and Feigl methods available in the Bioclin laboratory reagent kit.


Methods: The investigation comprises two phases: physical analysis and chemical analysis. Physical analysis delineates the distinctive characteristics of each kidney stone, while chemical analysis identifies urinary crystals contributing to stone formation. The study aimed to elucidate the efficacy of these methodologies in stone identification and prevention.


Results: Both samples exhibited distinct physical properties, while chemical analysis revealed the presence of calcium oxalate crystals in both stones. Sample B contained uric acid, underscoring the method's utility in identifying stone composition and guiding preventive measures.


Conclusion: The Kamlet and Feigl methods offer a simple, quick, and safe approach to identifying kidney stone composition, facilitating tailored patient management and prevention. Incorporating these methodologies into routine laboratory diagnostics enhances patient care, mitigates disease recurrence, and improves overall quality of life.

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