Main Article Content

Kajal Kiran
Rupesh Kumar Pandey


Velvet bean, Medicinal plant, l-DOPA, Parkinsonism, Antioxidant, Phytochemical


Background: Velvet bean scientifically named as Mucuna pruriens belonging to Fabaceae family is a native to tropical regions especially Asia, West Indies, Africa and many parts of America. They are excellent source of nutritional and phytochemical components which hold their potential for pharmaceutical and nutraceutical development.

Main body:

This review will apprise about the bioactive principles of Mucuna pruriens which holds restorative quality making it a valuable component in pharmaceutical research and therapeutic application. The bean is an wonderful source of l-DOPA (3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine) along with substantially high content of protein and starch exhibiting several medicinal and therapeutic properties. This herb is known to exhibit properties like anti-Parkinson, Anti-cholesterolemic, anti-inflammatory, anti-venom, antimicrobial, anti-diabetic, aphrodisiac, antioxidant, and many others due to its extensive phytochemical profile including high contents of alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, reducing sugars and tannins which open a boulevard of pharmaceutical applications.


Diversity of active principles and significant amount of l-DOPA shows its functionality in various therapeutic areas and this study will certainly fill in the knowledge gaps of Mucuna pruriens and will help to explore potential of this plant against many other diseases like epilepsy, its application as a food resource, its nutritive and anti-nutritive or harmful principles so that it can be used as an adjunct with various therapeutic approaches.


Traditional medicine has been benevolent in treating a variety of diseases and disorders and aids in meeting the global healthcare needs. Mucuna pruriens is commonly known as Velvet bean because of the unique properties is commonly identified as Kawaanch in Hindi and cowitch in English and has enormous restorative and therapeutic properties. Our objective is to elucidate the therapeutic potential of this plant which will prove to be substantial in incorporation of Plant based medicines in management of various diseases.

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