GEOSPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF MALARIA PARASITE AND ITS ASSOCIATED VECTORS IN DISTRICT NOWSHERA

Main Article Content

Asifa Khan
Saifullah Khan
Muneer Ahmad Khan
Humera Malik
Fazal Amin
Dr. Shumaila Noreen

Keywords

Abstract

Mosquitoes achieved top ranking among the lethal creatures in the world, as it causes deaths of millions of people annually by acting as vectors of different diseases globally. It creates chaos in the world by spreading Malaria, Chikungunya, Arbovirus, Encephalitis, Filiarisis, Zika virus, Yellow fever and Dengue. A research study was performed to check the relative abundance of adult mosquito and spatial distribution of malaria parasites in district Nowshera.Adult mosquitos were collected from animal rooms and human dwelling areas by using Flit method; protocol. The duration of collection of mosquitos was of 1 year. Collected mosquitos were identified by using taxonomic key by Christopher and Barraud up to species level. A total of 9913 adult mosquitos were collected which includes 4825 males and 5088 female mosquitos belongs to 5 genras Culex, Anopheles, Armigeres, Monsonia & Aedes. A total of 16 species were identified.Culex pipiens quinquifasciaituswere found outnumbered.. For comparing and check the current condition of malaria data of last 5 years were examined i.e. Aug 2016 to Jul 2021.The input data were based on the geospatial factors including climatic, NDVI and Topographical aspects. The data was analyzed using spreadsheet excel and SPSS. For vectors of malaria and its temporal distribution likewise accurate positioning and map making; data was collected from GIS and Remote sensing tools. The integrated malarial data was analyzed and relation with vectors abundance was examined. The data shows a gradual fall from 2016 to 2020 and formerly a slight inclination in the current year. Plasmodium vivax was found prevalent as compare to P.falciparum followed by mixed cases. Months of July, August, September & October were found to have high abundance of Anopheline mosquitos as well as the prevalence of malarial parasites. Age group of 15 and above were founded to be highly affected as compare to lower age groups.

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