IMPACT OF FEAR OF CHILDBIRTH ON WELL-BEING AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN

Main Article Content

Sumiaya Sultan
Dr. Syeda Razia Bukhari
Seerat Fatima
Muhammad Saim Ajmal
Ms. Sania Shujaat
Hira Riaz

Keywords

Pregnant Women, Spiritual, Mental and Physical Wellbeing, General Wellbeing

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the impact of fear of childbirth (FOC) on well-being (Mental, physical, and spiritual) among pregnant women. The first objective was to investigate the impact of fear of childbirth on well-being (mental, physical and spiritual) among pregnant women. Participants filled out questionnaires on demographic form as well as The fear of childbirth Child-birth Questionnaire (Katie Balling, etal., 2021), and The well-being scale (Vella,1994). The study was conducted on a sample of 200 participants belonging to Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Data was collected through the purposivesampling technique. Participants’ age ranges from 20 to onward. Descriptive statistics was usedfor the better understanding of the data. To explore the impact of fear of childbirth on generalwell-being (mental, physical and spiritual) “multiply Linear Regression “was used. All statisticalcalculation was completed by using statistical package for social science (SPSS- V.21). Fear of childbirth has negative impact on mental well-being, Physical well-being and positive has impact on Spiritual well-being. Based onthe findings of the present study, it can be concluded that: fear of childbirth is exist in pregnant women and the impact of fear of childbirth on general well-being is negative among pregnant women. Giving mental support to pregnant women and utilizing mental strategies pointed todiminish their fear of childbirth amid pregnancy are highly suggested.


 

Abstract 129 | PDF Downloads 105

References

1. Abedi, P., Jorfi,M., &Afshari. (2015). Evaluation of the health promotion lifestyle and its
Related factors in reproductive aged women in Ahvaz, Iran.Community Health J. 9, 68–74
2. Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182.
3. Beiranvand, S., Moghadam, Z., Salsali, M., Majd, H., Birjandi, M.,& Khalesi Z.(2017).
4. Prevalence of fear of childbirth and its associated factors in primigravid
5. women: A cross-sectional study. Shiraz E-Medical J.18(11), 30-45
6. Cogswell, B. E. (1975). Variant Family Forms and Life Styles: Rejection of the Traditional Nuclear Family. j. The Family Coordinator, 24(4), 391 https://doi.org/10.2307/583026
7. Dictionary, Cambridge dictionaries online. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2015.
8. Fisher, C., Hauck,Y.,& Fenwick, J., (2006) How social context impacts on women's fears of
Childbirth: A Western Australian example.j.Social Science 63, 64–75
consequences. Birth. 30, 235–47
9. Hofberg, Kristina,& Brockington, I. F., (1 January 2000). "Tokophobia: an unreasoning
10. dread of childbirth". British Journal of Psychiatry.176(1) 83–85
11. Katie, B.,Gillian, H., & Kayleigh, S., ORCID Icon Received 18 Nov 2020, Accepted 06 May 2021, Published online: 24 May 2021
12. Medeiros, A.L, Santos, S.R, Cabral,W.L., Silva, P.G, Nasciment, NM.,(2016). Assessing
nursing diagnoses and interventions in labor and high-risk.j. pregnancies Revgaucha Enferm,37( 3),55-31
13. Mortazavi, F., &borzoee, F., (2019)Fatigue in pregnancy - The validityand reliability of the Farsi Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (MAF) Scale Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
14. Mortazavi, F., &Agah, J.(2018)Childbirth fear and associated factors in a sample of
15. pregnant Iranian women. Oman medical journal. 33(6), 497.
16. Nieminen, K., Wijma, K., Johansson, S., Kinberger, E. K., Ryding, E.-L., Andersson, G.,
17. &Wijma B. (2017). Severe fear of childbirth indicates high perinatal costs for
18. Swedish women giving birth to their first child. Acta Obstetricia Et
19. GynecologicaScandinavica, 96(4), 438–446
20. Searle J.(1996) Fearing the worst – Why do pregnant women feel ‘at risk’? Austria Obstetric
Gynaecolgy.36, 279–86
21. Vella-Brodrick‚ D. A.‚ & Allen‚ F. (19944). Development and psychometric validation
22. of the Mental‚ Physical‚ and Spiritual Well-Being Scale. Psychological Reports‚ 77(2)‚ 659–674
23. Wmhasow,b.(2018). Mental health: a state of well-being [cited mental health:
a state of well-being]. Mental health: a state of well-being.
http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/