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Sumiaya Sultan
Dr. Syeda Razia Bukhari
Seerat Fatima
Muhammad Saim Ajmal
Ms. Sania Shujaat
Hira Riaz


Pregnant Women, Spiritual, Mental and Physical Wellbeing, General Wellbeing


This study aimed to examine the impact of fear of childbirth (FOC) on well-being (Mental, physical, and spiritual) among pregnant women. The first objective was to investigate the impact of fear of childbirth on well-being (mental, physical and spiritual) among pregnant women. Participants filled out questionnaires on demographic form as well as The fear of childbirth Child-birth Questionnaire (Katie Balling, etal., 2021), and The well-being scale (Vella,1994). The study was conducted on a sample of 200 participants belonging to Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Data was collected through the purposivesampling technique. Participants’ age ranges from 20 to onward. Descriptive statistics was usedfor the better understanding of the data. To explore the impact of fear of childbirth on generalwell-being (mental, physical and spiritual) “multiply Linear Regression “was used. All statisticalcalculation was completed by using statistical package for social science (SPSS- V.21). Fear of childbirth has negative impact on mental well-being, Physical well-being and positive has impact on Spiritual well-being. Based onthe findings of the present study, it can be concluded that: fear of childbirth is exist in pregnant women and the impact of fear of childbirth on general well-being is negative among pregnant women. Giving mental support to pregnant women and utilizing mental strategies pointed todiminish their fear of childbirth amid pregnancy are highly suggested.


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