COMPARISON OF CARDIORESPIRATORY ENDURANCE AMONG DIABETIC AND NON DIABETIC MALE PATIENTS

Main Article Content

Dr Pinky
Dr Shamshad Zahra
Humaira Ansari
Dr Shumail Gul
Dr Zareen Naz
Dr Amna Afzaal

Keywords

Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), Type 2 diabetes, Cardiorespiratory endurance (CRE), Physical activity

Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes, caused by insulin insufficiency, results in cardiovascular disease, loss of cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise tolerance. Physical activity emerges as a beneficial intervention, improving glycemic control, decreasing insulin resistance, optimizing lipid profiles, reducing blood pressure, and sustaining weight loss.


Objective: The current study is aimed to determine the comparison of cardiorespiratory endurance among diabetic and non-diabetic male patients.


Method In this study, conducted at a tertiary care hospital in Sindh, male participants, both with and without type 2 diabetes were enrolled. Cardiorespiratory endurance was assessed using the Three-Minute Step Test, which measures how rapidly the exercise-induced heart rate returns to baseline.


Results: In the diabetic patient group, the analysis revealed a statistically significant association between age and cardiorespiratory endurance (p-value=0.001**). In the non-diabetic patient group, no significant correlation was found between age and cardiorespiratory endurance (p-value=0.162**).


Conclusion: The study reveals that a significant number of male diabetic patients have below-average cardiorespiratory fitness, highlighting the need for increased awareness and early referral to cardiac rehabilitation programs.

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