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Dr Pinky
Dr Shamshad Zahra
Humaira Ansari
Dr Shumail Gul
Dr Zareen Naz
Dr Amna Afzaal


Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), Type 2 diabetes, Cardiorespiratory endurance (CRE), Physical activity


Background: Type 2 diabetes, caused by insulin insufficiency, results in cardiovascular disease, loss of cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise tolerance. Physical activity emerges as a beneficial intervention, improving glycemic control, decreasing insulin resistance, optimizing lipid profiles, reducing blood pressure, and sustaining weight loss.

Objective: The current study is aimed to determine the comparison of cardiorespiratory endurance among diabetic and non-diabetic male patients.

Method In this study, conducted at a tertiary care hospital in Sindh, male participants, both with and without type 2 diabetes were enrolled. Cardiorespiratory endurance was assessed using the Three-Minute Step Test, which measures how rapidly the exercise-induced heart rate returns to baseline.

Results: In the diabetic patient group, the analysis revealed a statistically significant association between age and cardiorespiratory endurance (p-value=0.001**). In the non-diabetic patient group, no significant correlation was found between age and cardiorespiratory endurance (p-value=0.162**).

Conclusion: The study reveals that a significant number of male diabetic patients have below-average cardiorespiratory fitness, highlighting the need for increased awareness and early referral to cardiac rehabilitation programs.

Abstract 198 | pdf Downloads 93


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