ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY OF SLEEP AMONG HEALTHCARE STUDENTS WITH DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS

Main Article Content

Dr. J. B. Ashraf Ali M.D.
H. Mohamed Thameem Ansari
Dr. T.Dinesh M.D.

Keywords

Medical student, Sleep, Depressive symptoms, Mental health

Abstract

Mental health is a fundamental aspect in ensuring the stable and successful professional life of future physicians. Depressive symptoms can negatively affect the work-life-balance and efficiency at work of medical students. The present study is to investigate the associationbetween sleep characteristics and the outcome of the Beck Depression Inventory-II score. A survey using the Beck Depression Inventory-II, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was conducted amongst students at Govt Thiruvarur Medical College. Data analysis was performed with descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression.The Beck Depression Inventory - II questionnaire was administered to a group of 171 MBBS students. Those who scored above 17, indicating borderline depression, were selected for further evaluation using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire.The study involved 105 MBBS students, and their demographic data were documented.Sleep quality is poor in 96.20% of students using PSQI scores(indicated by a PSQI total score > 5 points), with a statistically significant p-value of < 0.032.

Abstract 30 | PDF Downloads 16

References

1. World Health Organization Europe. Mental health: fact sheets on sustainabledevelopment goals: health targets. 2018. https:// www. euro.who. int/__ data/ assets/ pdf_ file/ 0017/ 348011/ Fact- sheet- SDG- Mentalhealth-UPDATE- 02- 05- 2018. pdf
2. Mihailescu M, Neiterman E. A scoping review of the literature on thecurrent mental health status of physicians and physicians-in-trainingin North America. BMC Public Health. 2019;19:1363. https:// doi. org/ 10.1186/ s12889- 019- 7661-9.
3. Fischbein R, Bonfine N. Pharmacy and medical students’ mental healthsymptoms, experiences, attitudes and help-seeking behaviors. Am JPharm Educ. 2019;83:7558. https://doi. org/ 10. 5688/ ajpe7 558.
4. Knipe D, Maughan C, Gilbert J, Dymock D, Moran P, Gunnell D. Mentalhealth in medical, dentistry and veterinary students: cross-sectionalonline survey. BJPsych open. 2018;4:441–6. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1192/ bjo.2018. 61.
5. Rotenstein LS, Ramos MA, Torre M, Segal JB, Peluso MJ, Guille C, et al.Prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideationamong medical students: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA.2016;316:2214–36. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1001/jama. 2016. 17324.
6. Rao W-W, Li W, Qi H, Hong L, Chen C, Li C-Y, et al. Sleep quality in medicalstudents: a comprehensive meta-analysis of observational studies. SleepBreath. 2020;24:1151–65. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1007/ s11325- 020- 02020-5.
7. Almojali AI, Almalki SA, Alothman AS, Masuadi EM, Alaqeel MK. Theprevalence and association of stress with sleep quality among medicalstudents. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2017;7:169–74. https:// doi. org/ 10.1016/j. jegh. 2017. 04. 005.
8. Supartini A, Honda T, Basri NA, Haeuchi Y, Chen S, Ichimiya A, Kumagai S.The impact of sleep timing, sleep duration, and sleep quality on depressivesymptoms and suicidal ideation amongst Japanese freshmen: theEQUSITE study. Sleep Disord. 2016;2016:8737654. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1155/2016/ 87376 54.
9. Maheshwari G, Shaukat F. Impact of poor sleep quality on the academicperformance ofmedical students. Cureus. 2019. https:// doi. org/ 10. 7759/cureus. 4357.
10. Wolf MR, Rosenstock JB. Inadequate sleep and exercise associated withburnout and depression among medical students. Acad Psychiatry.2017;41:174–9. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1007/ s40596- 016- 0526-y.
11. Abdussalam, Abdussalam, Salman, Mohd Tariq, Gupta, Shushma, Trivedi, Mohit, Faruqi, Mariyam. (2013). Poor Quality of Sleep and its Relationship with Depression in First Year Medical Students. Advances in Life Science and Technology, 12, 17-21
12. Sun, Y., Wang, H., Jin, T., Qiu, F., & Wang, X. (2022). Prevalence of Sleep Problems Among Chinese Medical Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Front. Psychiatry, 13, 753419.
13. Manni, R., Ratti, M. T., Marchioni, E., Castelnovo, G., Murelli (1997). Poor sleep in Adolescents: a study of 869 17-year-old Italian secondary school students. J Sleep Res, 6(1), 44-49.