Main Article Content
Medical Students, Nursing Students, Perception, Practice, Self-Medication
Background: Self-medication is a common practice among individuals of all ages, including medical and nursing students. While it can be beneficial in certain situations, it can also lead to adverse effects and complications. This study aimed to explore the self-medication practices and patterns among medical and nursing students in India.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted among the undergraduate medical and nursing students of NIMS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan between May and July 2023. All undergraduate students of the National Institute of Medical Sciences & Research and NIMS Nursing College were included in the study. Those who did not take self-medication in the last six months and did not give consent or incomplete forms were excluded from the analysis. A semi-structured questionnaire was employed for data collection regarding sociodemographic profile and their self-medication practices. Qualitative data were presented as percentages, while quantitative data were presented as a mean and standard deviation. The chi-square test was applied for inferential statistics. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: A total of 686 students participated in the study, with 71.5% of the students engaging in self-medication. The study found that the prevalence of self-medication among medical undergraduates was 74.1%, while nursing students had a prevalence rate of 65.4%. Analgesics were the most used medication, and the primary reasons for self-medication were minor illnesses, convenience, and previous experience with the medication.
Conclusion: In conclusion, this study provides valuable insights into the self-medication practices and patterns among medical and nursing students and highlights the need for increased awareness and education on responsible medication use.
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