Main Article Content
Barratt Impulsive Scale-11 Urdu Version, Confirmatory factor analysis, First-order factor model, Impulsivity, Second-order factor model, Unidimensional model
The Barratt Impulsiveness scale Version 11 (BIS-11; Patton at al., 1995) is considered a gold-standard measure to assess impulsivity and has been translated and validated in many languages, however psychometric research of the structure of BIS-11 Urdu Version is scant. The main purpose of the current study was to assess the psychometric properties of Urdu version of BIS-11 by applying unidimensional model, six correlated first-order factor, three second-order factor and a bifactor model. Confirmatory factor analysis has been applied to the data collected from university students (N= 600). In the current study, attempts are made not only to assess the fit indices, but multilevel bifactor model was also applied to examine the dimensionality. Empirical results revealed that a six-correlated first-order factor model is adequately fit to the data than unidimensional, three second-order factor and a bifactor model.
2. Čulík, K., & Kalašová, A. (2021). Statistical evaluation of BIS-11 and DAQ tools in the field of traffic psychology. Mathematics, 9(4), 433.
3. Diemen, L. v., Szobot, C. M., Kessler, F., & Pechansky, F. (2007). Adaptation and construct validation of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS 11) to Brazilian Portuguese for use in adolescents. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 29, 153-156.
4. Dawe, S., Gullo, M. J., & Loxton, N. J. (2004). Reward drive and rash impulsiveness as dimensions of impulsivity: implications for substance misuse. Addictive Behaviors, 29(7), 1389-1405.
5. Dueber, D. M. (2017). Bifactor Indices Calculator: A Microsoft Excel-based tool to calculate various indices relevant to bifactor CFA model. Doi.org/10.13023/edp.tool.01
6. Gignac, G. E. (2016). The higher-order model imposes a proportionality constraint: That is why the bifactor model tends to fit better. Intelligence, 55, 57-68.
7. Gustafsson, J.-E., & Åberg-Bengtsson, L. (2010). Unidimensionality and interpretability of psychological instruments. In S. E. Embretson (Ed.), Measuring psychological constructs: Advances in model-based approaches (pp. 97–121). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/12074-005
8. Haden, S. C., & Shiva, A. (2009). A comparison of factor structures of the Barratt impulsiveness scale in a mentally ill forensic inpatient sample. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 8(3), 198-207.
9. Hartmann, A. S., Rief, W., & Hilbert, A. (2011). Psychometric properties of the German version of the Barratt impulsiveness Scale, version 11 (BIS–11) for adolescents. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 112(2), 353-368.
10. Hu, L. t., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1-55.
11. Ireland, J. L., & Archer, J. (2008). Impulsivity among adult prisoners: A confirmatory factor analysis study of the Barratt Impulsivity Scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(4), 286-292.
12. Janavičiūtė, J., & Sinkariova, L. (2020). Psychometric properties of the Lithuanian version of Barratt Impulsiveness Scale‐11 (BIS‐11) in a nonclinical sample. Cognition, Brain, Behavior, 24(2), 123-138.
13. Kahn, J.-P., Cohen, R. F., Etain, B., Aubin, V., Bellivier, F., Belzeaux, R., et al. (2019). Reconsideration of the factorial structure of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11): Assessment of impulsivity in a large population of euthymic bipolar patients. Journal of Affective Disorders, 253, 203-209.
14. Martínez-Loredo, V., Fernández-Hermida, J. R., Fernández-Artamendi, S., Carballo, J. L., & García-Rodríguez, O. (2015). Spanish adaptation and validation of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale for early adolescents (BIS-11-A). International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 15(3), 274-282.
15. McDonald, R. P. (1978). Generalizability in Factorable Domains:" Domain Validity and Generalizability" 1. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 38(1), 75-79.
16. Patton, J. H., Stanford, M. S., & Barratt, E. S. (1995). Factor structure of the Barratt impulsiveness scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51(6), 768-774.
17. Pechorro, P., Ayala-Nunes, L., Ray, J. V., Nunes, C., & Gonçalves, R. A. (2016). The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 among a school sample of Portuguese male and female adolescents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(9), 2753-2764.
18. Reise, S. P., Moore, T. M., Sabb, F. W., Brown, A. K., & London, E. D. (2013). The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale–11: Reassessment of its structure in a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 25(2), 631.
19. Rodriguez, A., Reise, S. P., & Haviland, M. G. (2016). Evaluating bifactor models: Calculating and interpreting statistical indices. Psychological Methods, 21(2), 137.
20. Smith, G. T., Fischer, S., Cyders, M. A., Annus, A. M., Spillane, N. S., & McCarthy, D. M. (2007). On the validity and utility of discriminating among impulsivity-like traits. Assessment, 14(2), 155-170.
21. Stanford, M. S., Mathias, C. W., Dougherty, D. M., Lake, S. L., Anderson, N. E., & Patton, J. H. (2009). Fifty years of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale: An update and review. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(5), 385-395.
22. Someya, T., Sakado, K., Seki, T., Kojima, M., Reist, C., Tang, S. W., et al. (2001). The Japanese version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, 11th version (BIS‐11): Its reliability and validity. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 55(2), 111-114.
23. Steinberg, L., Sharp, C., Stanford, M. S., & Tharp, A. T. (2013). New tricks for an old measure: The development of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale–Brief (BIS-Brief). Psychological Assessment, 25(1), 216.
24. Tanaka, J. S. (1987). " How big is big enough?": Sample size and goodness of fit in structural equation models with latent variables. Child Development, 134-146.
25. Taylor, J. B., Visser, T. A., Fueggle, S. N., Bellgrove, M. A., & Fox, A. M. (2018). The error-related negativity (ERN) is an electrophysiological marker of motor impulsiveness on the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) during adolescence. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 30, 77-86.
26. Tsatali, M., Moraitou, D., Papantoniou, G., Foutsitzi, E., Bonti, E., Kougioumtzis, G., et al. (2021). Measuring impulsivity in Greek adults: Psychometric properties of the Barratt impulsiveness scale (BIS-11) and impulsive behavior scale (Short Version of UPPS-P). Brain Sciences, 11(8), 1007.
27. Vasconcelos, A. G., Malloy-Diniz, L., & Correa, H. (2012). Systematic review of psychometric proprieties of Barratt Impulsiveness Scale Version 11 (BIS-11). Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 9(2).