Main Article Content
Subjectivity, Post-humanism, Therapeutics, psychiatry, Economy, Self, Bio-Technology
This study explores the cultural implications of quantified-self influenced by technological advancements projected in contemporary American novels with reflection on the potential contemporary alterities in human existence in form of technology and surveillance. It takes into account the dominant influence of natural and social sciences and the transformative impact of quantitative methods. The research also examines the historical and cultural persistence of the quantified self in American society. Although subjectivity has been a part of American culture since Benjamin Franklin's Autobiography (1791), this argument contends that the quantified self is a global phenomenon. This paradigm focuses on how individualism, the quest of economic self-improvement, and the beliefs in progress, self-control, and self-possession are affected by technology. Consequently, the concept of the quantified self can be linked to theoretical discussions surrounding 1) subjectivity shaped by economic factors, 2) post-humanism, and 3) knowledge cultures in the information age.
2. Berman, Jules (2013): Principles of Big Data. Preparing, Sharing, and Analyzing Complex Information, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
3. Boyd, Danah/Crawford, Kate (2012): “Critical Questions for Big Data.” In: Information, Communication & Society 15/5: pp. 662-279.
4. Braidotti, R. (2013). Po człowieku. The Posthuman. Cambridge.
5. Brown, W. (2003). Neo-liberalism and the end of liberal democracy. Theory & event, 7(1).
6. Curry, Richard O./Goodheart/Lawrence B. (eds.) (1991): American Chameleon: Individualism in Trans-National Context. Kent, Ohio: The Kent State UP.
7. Davenport, Thomas H. (2014): Big Data at Work: Dispelling the Myths, Uncovering the Opportunitie. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Review Press.
8. Eisenstadt, Shmuel N. (2000): “Multiple Modernities.” In: Daedalus 129/1: pp. 1-29.
9. Fitzgerald, F. Scott (2000): The Great Gatsby, New York/London: Penguin Modern Classics.
10. Foucault, Michel (1980): Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977. Ed. C. Gordon, New York: Pantheon Books.
11. Graham, Elaine (2002): Representations of the Post/Human, New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP.
12. Hahn, Alois/Schorch, Marén (2007): “Technologies of the Will and Their Christian Roots.” In: Sabine Maasen/Barbara Sutter (eds.), On Willing Selves: Neolioberal Politics vis-á-vis the Neuroscientific Challenge, Houndsville/ Basingstoke/Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 53-76.
13. Haraway, Donna (1990): “A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s.” In: Linda Nicholson (ed.), Feminism/ Postmodernism, New York: Routledge, pp. 190-233.
14. Hayles, Nancy Katherine (1999): How We Became Posthuman, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
15. Lévy, Pierre (1997): Collective Intelligence: Mankind’s Emerging World in Cyberspace, New York: Plenum.
16. Liu, Alan (2007): “Imagining the New Media Encounter.” In: Ray Siemens/ Susan Schreibman (eds.), A Companion to Digital Literary Studies, Malden/ Oxford/Victoria: Blackwell, pp. 3-25.
17. Shteyngart, Gary (2010): Super Sad True Love Story, London: Granta.
18. Wolfe, Cary (2010): What is Posthumanism? Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
19. Young, Nora (2012): The Virtual Self: How Our Digital Lives Are Altering The World Around Us. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.