Main Article Content

Zahid Mehboob
Abid Ali
Faiza Azmat
Mahnoor Zaffar
Shakila Anwar
Muhammad Farhan Sarwar
Hiba Asif


Apple juice, Minerals Content, Physico-chemical analysis, Crude Fat, Protein, Crude Fibre


Apple juice, procured from a fresh natural or commercial source, is adored for its consumption across the globe since, it is sweet, nutrient rich and has incredible health benefits. Current study investigates and contrasts the components of some naturally manufactured and commercially available apple juices in Pakistan. Comparatively high levels of Manganese (0.55 ppm and 0.38 ppm), Chromium (1.62 ppm and 0.51 ppm), Iron (1.65 ppm and 1.08 ppm), Zinc (0.56 ppm and 0.52 ppm), Copper (0.66 ppm and 0.26 ppm), Vitamin C  (1.88 mg/100 mL and 0.76 mg/100 mL) while relatively low contents of  Nickel (0.02 ppm and 0.04 ppm) and Calcium (2.26 ppm and 2.98 ppm) were found in fresh natural and commercial apple juices, respectively. Furthermore, the pH of fresh one was 3.56, whereas, of commercial one was 3.01. Analysis of carbohydrates (NFE) (8.02% and 2.74%), total soluble solids (TSS) (8.38 oBrix and 8.22 oBrix ), moisture (97.02% and 91.65%), ash (0.05% and 0.02%), crude fat (0.07% and 0.06%), crude protein (0.08% and 0.06%) along with crude fibre contents (0.08% and 0%) in fresh as well as commercial apple juice gave substantially variable results. Based on this comprehensive investigation, fresh apple juice is preferred over the commercial one.

Abstract 285 | pdf Downloads 125


1. Al-Manhel, A.J., A.R.S. Al-Hilphy and A.K. Niamah. 2018. Extraction of chitosan, characterisation and its use for water purification. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. 17:186-190.
2. Sial, N., Saeed, S., Ahmad, M., Hameed, Y., Rehman, A., Abbas, M., ... & Khan, M. R. (2021). Multi-omics analysis identified TMED2 as a shared potential biomarker in six subtypes of human cancer. International Journal of General Medicine, 7025-7042.
3. Circuncisão, A.R., M.D. Catarino, S.M. Cardoso and A.M. Silva. 2018. Minerals from macroalgae origin: Health benefits and risks for consumers. Marine Drugs. 16:1-400.
4. Chaudhari, A.K., V.K. Singh, S. Das and N.K. Dubey. 2021. Nanoencapsulation of essential oils and their bioactive constituents: A novel strategy to control mycotoxin contamination in food system. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 149:112019.
5. Sial, N., Ahmad, M., Hussain, M. S., Iqbal, M. J., Hameed, Y., Khan, M., ... & Asif, H. M. (2021). CTHRC1 expression is a novel shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of survival in six different human cancer subtypes. Scientific reports, 11(1), 19873.
6. Filip, M., M. Vlassa, V. Coman and A. Halmagyi. 2016. Simultaneous determination of glucose, fructose, sucrose and sorbitol in the leaf and fruit peel of different apple cultivars by the hplc–ri optimized method. Food chemistry. 199:653-659.
7. Hameed, Y., & Ejaz, S. (2021). TP53 lacks tetramerization and N-terminal domains due to novel inactivating mutations detected in leukemia patients. Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics, 17(4), 931-937.
8. Garcia-Muñoz, P., F. Fresno, C. Lefevre, D. Robert and N. Keller. 2020. Highly robust la1-xtixfeo3 dual catalyst with combined photocatalytic and photo-cwpo activity under visible light for 4-chlorophenol removal in water. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 262:118-310.
9. Usman, M., Hameed, Y., & Ahmad, M. (2020). Does epstein–barr virus participate in the development of breast cancer? A brief and critical review with molecular evidences. Biomedical and Biotechnology Research Journal (BBRJ), 4(4), 285.
10. Habanova, M., J.A. Saraiva, M. Holovicova, S.A. Moreira, L.G. Fidalgo, M. Haban, J. Gazo, M. Schwarzova, P. Chlebo and M. Bronkowska. 2019. Effect of berries/apple mixed juice consumption on the positive modulation of human lipid profile. Journal of Functional Foods. 60:103-417.
11. Zhu, X., Tang, L., Mao, J., Hameed, Y., Zhang, J., Li, N., ... & Li, C. (2022). Decoding the mechanism behind the pathogenesis of the focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2022.
12. Sial, N., Rehman, J. U., Saeed, S., Ahmad, M., Hameed, Y., Atif, M., ... & Ambreen, A. (2022). Integrative analysis reveals methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 1-like as an independent shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in five different human cancers. Bioscience Reports, 42(1), BSR20211783.
13. Khayam, S., M. Zahoor and A.B. Shah. 2019. Biological and phytochemical evaluation of cotoneaster microphyllus, ficus auriculata and calotropis procera. Latin American Journal of Pharmacy. 38:945-953.
14. Lança de Morais, I., N. Lunet, G. Albuquerque, M. Gelormini, S. Casal, A. Damasceno, O. Pinho, P. Moreira, J. Jewell and J. Breda. 2018. The sodium and potassium content of the most commonly available street foods in tajikistan and kyrgyzstan in the context of the feedcities project. Nutrients. 10:1-98.
15. Naghshi, S., O. Sadeghi, W.C. Willett and A. Esmaillzadeh. 2020. Dietary intake of total, animal, and plant proteins and risk of all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. British Medical Journal. doi:10.1136/bmj.m2412.
16. Na, W., J. Wolf and F.-s. ZHANG. 2016. Towards sustainable intensification of apple production in china—yield gaps and nutrient use efficiency in apple farming systems. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. 15:716-725.
17. Naseem, S., T. Guang Ji and U. Kashif. 2020. Asymmetrical ardl correlation between fossil fuel energy, food security, and carbon emission: Providing fresh information from pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 27:31369-31382.
18. Noonari, S. 2015. Economic Analysis of Apple Orchards Production in District Mastung Balochistan Pakistan. European Journal of Business and Management. pp. 40-53.
19. O’Neil, C.E., T.A. Nicklas and V.L. Fulgoni. 2015. Consumption of apples is associated with a better diet quality and reduced risk of obesity in children: National health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES) 2003–2010. Nutrition journal. 14:1-9.
20. Pimentel, T.C., S.J. Klososki, M. Rosset, C.E. Barão and V.A. Marcolino. 2019. Fruit juices as probiotic foods. In: Sports and energy drinks, edited by A.M. Grumezescu and A.M. Holban. Woodhead Publishing. pp. 483-513.
21. Reeves, P.G. 2020. Ain-93 purified diets for the study of trace element metabolism in rodents. In: Trace elements in laboratory rodents. CRC Press. pp. 3-37.
22. Sempionatto, J.R., A.A. Khorshed, A. Ahmed, A.N. De Loyola e Silva, A. Barfidokht, L. Yin, K.Y. Goud, M.A. Mohamed, E. Bailey and J. May. 2020. Epidermal enzymatic biosensors for sweat vitamin c: Toward personalized nutrition. American Chemical Society sensors. 5:1804-1813.
23. Sheng, L., K. Edwards, H. C. Tsai, I. Hanrahan and M. J. Zhu. 2017. Fate of listeria monocytogenes on fresh apples under different storage temperatures. Frontiers in Microbiology. 8:1396.
24. Slavin, J. L. and B. Lloyd. 2012. Health Benefits of Fruits and Vegetables. Advances in Nutrition. pp. 506–516.
25. Soto, M.L., E. Falqué and H. Domínguez. 2015. Relevance of natural phenolics from grape and derivative products in the formulation of cosmetics. Cosmetics. 2:259-276.
26. Thanushree, M., D. Sailendri, K. Yoha, J. Moses and C. Anandharamakrishnan. 2019. Mycotoxin contamination in food: An exposition on spices. Trends in Food Science & Technology. 93:69-80
27. Treml, J. and K. Šmejkal. 2016. Flavonoids as potent scavengers of hydroxyl radicals.Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety. 15:720-738.
28. Wang, N., J. Wolf and F. Zhang. 2016. Towards sustainable intensification of apple production in China -Yield gaps and nutrient use efficiency in apple farming systems. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. pp. 716–725.
29. Zahoor, M., A.B. Shah, S. Gul and S. Amin. 2018. Hplc-uv analysis of antioxidants in citrus sinensis stem and root extracts. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan. 40:595-601.
30. Zahoor, M., A. B. Shah, S. Naz, R. Ullah, A. Bari and H. M. Mahmood. 2020. Isolation of quercetin from rubus fruticosus, their concentration through nf/ro membranes, and recovery through carbon nanocomposite. A pilot plant study. BioMed research international. 2020:1-7.
31. Zhang, Y. J., R.Y. Gan, S. Li, Y. Zhou, A. N. Li, D. P. Xu and H. B. Li. 2015. Antioxidant phytochemicals for the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Molecules. 20:21138-21156.

Most read articles by the same author(s)