BACTERIAL RESISTANCE MARKERS IN SEPSIS OF NEWBORN IN ZLITEN MEDICAL CENTER

Main Article Content

Ibrahim. Abdallah
Fatema Edmesho
Ayada abuhdemah
Ryad Alati

Keywords

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Abstract

Background A lot of newborn patients with sepsis need antibiotic treatment, but some antibiotics are ineffective and cause bacteria to develop resistance markers (a gene that produces a protein that makes cells that express this protein resistant to antibiotics). Choosing antibiotics wisely can lower the mortality rate and promote the prudent use of antibiotics.


Aim We analyze the pattern of antibiotic use and the sensitivity patterns of antibiotics to support the rational use of antibiotics in neonate patients with sepsis. 


Material and method Total sample of 211 blood sample were collected from neonate showing with clinical signs of sepsis at Zletin Medical Center during January-December 2022 year 2022 was Staphylococcus epidermidis, and the most antibiotic-resistant bacteria was Acinetobacter. The sample was then cultivated, and resistance markers assessed using Phoenix BD CPO. 


Result The sample were divided into no bacterial growth and bacterial growth.  we found that 165 sample (78.19%) have not bacterial growth and 44 samples (20.85%) have bacterial growth Staphylococcus epidermidis (20.45%), Klebsiella pneumonia (9.09%), Staphylococcus hemolyticus (11.36%), Acinatobacter baumanii/calcoaceticus complex (2.36%), Pseudomonas putida (2.72%), Klebsilla oxytoca (2.72%), Echereshia coli (2.72%), Staphylococcus aureus (2.72%).


Conclusion Based on the results of the trials, the most bacteria causing sepsis in the neonatal department at Zliten Medical Center during the year 2022 was Staphylococcus epidermidis, and the most antibiotic-resistant bacteria was Acinetobacter.

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