Main Article Content

Dr. Mamoona Ismail Loona
Dr. Anila Kamal
Seema Zahid
Anam Nawaz


Child Sexual Abuse, Physical and Psychological Effects, Prevention


Background: This review was aimed at conceptualizing child sexual abuse (CSA) within theoretical framework. Towards this end, definition, prevalence, etiology and repercussions of child sexual abuse are addressed.  The statistics of CSA may vary to a great deal across countries. The estimates are generally determined by the definitions of the concept used, the underlying factors studied and the extent of nature and quality of data.

 Methodology: The databases like, Google scholar, web, newspaper reports and official websites were used to collect data. The relevant evidence was collected and secondary data analysis was performed.

 Conclusion: Considerable development has been made in understanding of etiology and its adverse consequences. This understanding would help ameliorating the adverse effects of child sexual abuse and holds promising in advancing further research and intervention in this area. The alarming rates and facts about child sexual abuse disclosed in this study will call attention towards immediate action to develop child sexual abuse prevention programs particularly focusing parents, child and school based interventions in Pakistan.

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