Main Article Content

Dr. Saima Parwez
Musarat Parveen
Dr. Sabeen Rahim


autism spectrum disorder, parenting stress, courtesy stigma, sense of coherence, resilience, correlation.


Background: Raising a child is a big responsibility for the parents. The responsibility increases if the parents have a child with a developmental or intellectual disability like autism spectrum disorder, Down syndrome, ADHD.

Objective: The present study investigated the relationship between parenting stress, courtesy stigma, sense of coherence, and resilience in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder in Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Method: A sample (N=100) was included in the study. Purposive sampling technique was used to select participants from different autism centers and hospitals in Peshawar. The parenting autism stress index, stigma indicator, short version of the sense of coherence, and the 14-item resilience scale were used to measure parenting stress, courtesy stigma, sense of coherence, and resilience among parents with autistic children.

Result: The Pearson correlation coefficient was applied which indicated the finding of the study that the correlation coefficient (r) value between autism parenting stress and resilience is -.500, (r) value between courtesy stigma and resilience is -.348 and (r) value between autism parenting stress and sense of coherence is -.476.

Conclusion: According to the consequence of this study, parenting stress is inversely correlated with resilience and a sense of coherence in parents with ASD children. It is also concluded that courtesy stigma is negatively correlated with resilience in parents with ASD children.

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