BLOOD DONOR DEFERRAL PATTERN AT TERTIARY CARE TEACHING INSTITUTE IN WESTERN UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA

Main Article Content

Dr. Jeetu Raj Singh
Dr. Shabahat Husain
Dr.Ajit Singh
Dr. Sonia Singh
Dr. Vishal Prakash Giri

Keywords

Donor Deferral, Temporary, Permanent, Underweight, Anemia, Blood Pressure

Abstract

Introduction: Blood donor deferral is the fundamental component of blood donation systems worldwide, ensuring the safety of the blood supply and the health of donors and recipients. This practice involves an individual's temporary and permanent deferral from donating blood based on specific criteria. Knowing these causes of temporary and permanent deferrals in our region helps guide these deferred blood donors to be recruited back in the future.

 


Material and Methods: A retrospective record-based study of deferral of blood donors who presented at the blood bank at Autonomous State Medical College over three years (July 2019–June 2022). Blood donors were screened per the Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945 included in our institute's standard operating procedure of blood bank.

 


Results: There were 32381 donors registered, of which 2039 (6.3%) donors were deferred from donating blood. Donor deferrals were segregated into temporary and permanent. Most deferred donors were male (89.8%) compared to females(11.2%). The temporarily deferred (98.8%) was higher than permanently deferred (1.2%). Overall the three most common reasons for temporary pathological deferral in males were blood pressure(51.6%), followed by medication(14%), and infection-cough-cold (6.86%), and in females, anemia (82.18%), followed by low blood pressure(5.17%) and dengue(3.44%) respectively. The three most common causes for permanent deferral in males were heart disease (43.47%), followed by asthma 8 (34.78%), and unexplained weight loss (21.73%).

 


Conclusion: Blood donor deferral is a critical step in the donor selection process. Blood donors can be informed of various deferral causes and educated about their interval and treatment for safe blood. 
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