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Yasir Rahim
Dr. Ayesha Chaudhry
Dr. Babak Mahmood
Dr. Muhammad Idrees


Systematic Review, Fertility Patterns, Intergenerational, Family Size, Childbearing


The intergenerational change in fertility patterns is largely triggered by the socio-cultural and contextual determinants. The familial traits and attributes are transmitted from one generation to next generations through the parents. The mothers’ fertility behavior is significantly associated with their daughters’ fertility patterns. The objective of this systematic review is to identify the determinants of intergenerational change in fertility patterns found in the scientific literature review as potentially determining change in fertility patterns across two generations. At the searching stage, 98 research articles were identified by using key terms in alone and combination through different research database and search engines such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Elsevier, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Science Scholar, Taylor and Francis Online and Wiley Online Library. The criteria of the included studies were (i) Published articles, (ii) Published in “W” and “X” category research journals recognized by Higher Education Commission, Pakistan for the year 2022-23, (iii) Fully accessed research articles, and (iv) Research articles published in English language. At the final stage, 22 research studies were included for the systematic review. The findings of the included research studies yielded that socio-cultural determinants (education, rural-urban difference and employment status) and contextual determinants (relative age at marriage, mother’s fertility preferences, parental family size and supportive environment of family bring the intergenerational change in fertility patterns. The findings can be summed up that intergenerational change in fertility patterns is largely influenced by the parents’ fertility behavior. The Fertility characteristics and behavior of the parents at the same time shaped by their educational status, residential area, employment type, age at first marriage and environment of family.

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