IMPACT OF NOVEL DENTAL IMPLANT SURFACE MODIFICATIONS ON OSSEO INTEGRATION AND EARLY HEALING

Main Article Content

Bela Mahajan
Sahil Sethi
Arka Swarnakar
Dr. Pratyushman Hazarika
Dr. Sujata Pandey
Dr Pramod Kumar

Keywords

Dental Implants, Surface Modifications, Osseo Integration, Bone-implant interface

Abstract

The secret to endosseous dental implants' long-term success is osseo integration. The main surface elements that affect osseointegration include implant surface characteristics including roughness, topography, energy, and composition. Additive and subtractive techniques have both been utilized to improve implant surface roughness in order to increase surface area and enhance the process of osseointegration. One of the most crucial elements for a successful orthopedic surgery in the area of end prosthesis is the long-term and stable anchoring of implants. These changes enable a quicker and more powerful Osseo integration. As opposed to previously changed surfaces, recently added hydrophilic characteristics to roughened surfaces or certain osteogenic peptides coated on surfaces demonstrate improved biocompatibility and have caused quicker Osseo integration. The development of surface engineering techniques might lead to new knowledge about the characteristics, behavior, and reactions of different materials, which would then enable the creation of novel materials, modification methods, and the design of bioimplants in the future.

Abstract 93 | pdf Downloads 76

References

1. Maziar Khatami et.al “Laser nano surface texturing for enhancing of physical and chemical properties of dental implants” DOI: 10.22034/NMRJ.2023.01.001
2. Nike Walter et.al “Evolution of implants and advancements for osseointegration: A narrative review” https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2022.05.057
3. Ting Ma,et.al “Effect of Titanium Surface Modifications of Dental Implants on Rapid Osseointegration”2016
4. Xiaoyu Huang et.al Novel dental implant modifications with two-staged double benefits for preventing infection and promoting osseointegration in vivo and in vitro” Volume 6, Issue 12, December 2021,
5. Gaia Pellegrini et.al “Novel surfaces and osseointegration in implant dentistry” https://doi.org/10.1111/jicd.12349
6. T. T. Hagi, L. Enggist, D. Michel, S. J. Ferguson, Y. Liu, and ¨ E. B. Hunziker, “Mechanical insertion properties of calciumphosphate implant coatings,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1214–1222, 2010.
7. J. Venkatesan and S.-K. Kim, “Chitosan composites for bone tissue engineering—an overview,” Marine Drugs, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 2252–2266, 2010.
8. Y. Gao, Y. Liu, L. Zhou et al., “The effects of different wavelength UV photofunctionalization on micro-arc oxidized titanium,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 7, Article ID e68086, 2013.
9. T. Albrektsson, “Hydroxyapatite-coated implants: a case against their use,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 1312–1326, 1998.
10. H. Minamikawa, T. Ikeda, W. Att et al., “Photo-functionalization increases the bioactivity and osteoconductivity of the titanium alloy Ti6Al4V,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 102, no. 10, pp. 3618–3630, 2014.
11. I. K. Shim, H. J. Chung, M. R. Jung et al., “Biofunctional porous anodized titanium implants for enhanced bone regeneration,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research—Part A, vol. 102, no. 10, pp. 3639–3648, 2014.
12. I. R. Murray, C. C. West, W. R. Hardy et al., “Natural history of mesenchymal stem cells, from vessel walls to culture vessels,” Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, vol. 71, no. 8, pp. 1353–1374, 2014.
13. Song, F.; Koo, H.; Ren, D. Effects of Material Properties on Bacterial Adhesion and Biofilm Formation. J. Dent. Res. 2015, 94, 1027–1034.
14. Mi, L.; Jiang, S. Integrated antimicrobial and non-fouling zwitterionic polymers. Angew. Chem Int. Ed. Engl. 2014, 53, 1746–1754.
15. Hasan, J.; Chatterjee, K. Recent advances in engineering topography mediated antibacterial surfaces. Nanoscale 2015, 7, 15568–15575