PROBLEMS OF USING AIR TRANSPORT IN THE PERIOD OF COVID-19

Main Article Content

Fakher Rahim
Aqeel Mahmood Jawad
Omar Saad Ahmed
Liudmyla Chulinda
Halina Korchova
Kostiantyn Pochka
Nibras Wafaa Jawad

Keywords

civil aviation, COVID-19, IСAO standards and recommendations, Russian-Ukrainian war, Eurocontrol, International Airport Council

Abstract

Since the global spread of the COVID-19 epidemic has devastated civil aviation, particularly in Europe, the continent's ability to act as one is of the utmost importance.


This article examines how the pandemic has slowed the expansion of worldwide civilian aviation and how aviation can recover, such as by addressing employee concerns and checking the legitimacy of civil aviation workers' credentials, licenses, and other formal permits to work. Since the flight industry is crucial for the quick and remaining delivery of any kind of support in urgent need (transport of medicines, essential cargo, medical workers, etc.) prior to the removal of the population, the worldwide civilian aviation community has had to strike a delicate balance between the gravity of the global crisis and the need of maintaining a safe brought together approach, which is essential for the harmonization of relief efforts. Following the temporary prohibition on global (and regional) consumer airline flights in 2020 by numerous countries, including Ukraine, the global community was tasked with proposing solutions to restore civil aviation. Key requirements of the Convention on International Civil Aviation for addressing the current sanitary and epidemiological crisis are defined. With this international treaty and the ICAO's rules and recommendations, the air transport system may be effectively regulated and restored throughout the COVID-19 era. The content and effectiveness of standards, recommendations, proposals, and other techniques for preventing and combating the widespread transmission of infectious diseases that impact the operation of civil aviation were examined in the fight against the coronavirus epidemic. Combating the detrimental effect of the pandemic on civil aviation requires careful consideration of the pros and drawbacks of various interventions and an evaluation of the associated risks. To ensure the safety of passengers and crew, the efficiency and uniformity of air travel, the protection of the environment, and the safe and orderly development of international civil aviation, this article examines the impact of standards and recommendations, particularly those adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).When demand for air passenger transport will return to pre-pandemic levels on most routes may be determined based on projections made by these groups.


 

Abstract 158 | pdf Downloads 81 pdf Downloads 77

References

1. Formanyuk V. V., Kanyenberg-Sandul O. K., Handel N. V., Pasechnyk O. V. The value of ISAO activity in the fight against COVID-19. Scientific Bulletin of the International Humanitarian University. Ser.: Jurisprudence. 2020. No. 45. P. 146–149.
2. Chulinda L.I., Myalkovska O.O. Recommendations of international organizations for the resumption of civil aviation activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Legal Scientific Electronic Journal" of Zaporizhzhya National University. 2022. No. 5. P.676-680.
3. Convention on International Civil Aviation of 1944. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_038#Text (accessed on 01.04.2023).
4. IRAQ MOBILITY RESTRICTIONS DUE TO COVID-19. 11 – 24 AUGUST 2020. https://dtm.iom.int/sites/g/files/tmzbdl1461/files/reports/DTM_COVID_19_Mobility_Restrictions_11_August_to_24_August2020.pdf (accessed on 01.04.2023).
5. Iraq resumes international flights after 4 months. Baghdad International Airport opened gates for passengers under strict health guidelines, the first time since March https://www.aa.com.tr/en/latest-on-coronavirus-outbreak/iraq-resumes-international-flights-after-4-months/1920149 (accessed on 01.04.2023).
6. Heightening cooperation to enhance aviation safety, security, and sustainability in Iraq. https://www.icao.int/Newsroom/Pages/Heightening-cooperation-to-enhance-aviation-safety-security-and-sustainability-in-Iraq.aspx (accessed on 01.04.2023).
7. Kaitano Dube. Emerging from the COVID-19 Pandemic: Aviation Recovery, Challenges and Opportunities. URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2226-4310/10/1/19. (accessed on 01.04.2023).
8. Airlines: Riding the Recovery. Aviation Leaders Report 2023. https://kpmg.com/ie/en/home/insights/2023/01/aviation-leaders-report-2023/airlines-riding-the-recovery.html (accessed on 01.04.2023).
9. International Civil Aviation Organization. URL: https://www.icao.int/about-icao/Pages/default.aspx (accessed on 01.04.2023).
10. Effects of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) on Civil Aviation: Economic Impact Analysis. Montréal, Canada 27 January 2023. Economic Development – Air Transport Bureau. https://www.icao.int/sustainability/Documents/Covid-19/ICAO_coronavirus_Econ_Impact.pdf. (accessed on 01.04.2023).
11. Report of Council Aviation Recovery Taskforce (CART).27.05.2020. Montreal, Canada. URL: https://www.icao.int/covid/cart/Pages/default.aspx (accessed on 01.04.2023).
12. ICAO sets Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) for international civil aviation in accordance with the consensus views of its 193 Contracting States in order to achieve an acceptable level of flight safety. 2020. URL: https://www.icao.int/safety/aviation-medicine/Pages/default.aspx (accessed on 01.04.2023).
13. New ICAO recommendations issued on COVID-19 risk assessment and mitigation for international air travel. URL: https://www.icao.int/Newsroom/Pages/New-ICAO-recommendations-issued-on-COVID-risk-assessment-and-mitigation-for-international-air-travel.aspx (accessed on 01.04.2023).
14. ACI World: Airports Council International. URL: https://aci.aero. (accessed on 01.04.2023).
15. The impact of COVID-19 on airports—and the path to recovery. URL: https://aci.aero/2022/06/28/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-airportsand-the-path-to-recovery. (accessed on 01.04.2023).
16. Lufthansa cancels over 1,300 flights as airport workers strike. https://edition.cnn.com/2023/02/17/business/lufthansa-cancellations-strikes/index.html (accessed on 01.04.2023).
17. Restoring economic equilibrium: ACI calls on regulators to support the economic sustainability of airports for the benefit of travellers and communities. URL: https://aci.aero/2023/01/11/restoring-economic-equilibrium-aci-calls-on-regulators-to-support-the-economic-sustainability-of-airports-for-the-benefit-of-travellers-and-communities/ (accessed on 01.04.2023).
18. AÉROPORTS EUROPÉENS : TRAFIC DOUBLÉ MAIS TOUJOURS 21% EN-DESSOUS DE 2022. URL: https://www.air-journal.fr/2023-02-08-aeroports-europeens-trafic-double-mais-toujours-21-en-dessous-de-2022-5246314.html (accessed on 01.04.2023).
19. Lithuania's Airports Have Seen Traffic Recover To 85% Of Pre-COVID Levels. BY LUKE BODELL/ PUBLISHED JUN 10, 2022. https://simpleflying.com/lithuania-airports-covid-19-recovery/ (accessed on 01.04.2023).
20. AIRBUS EN JANVIER: 37 COMMANDES, 20 LIVRAISONS. URL: https://www.air-journal.fr/2023-02-08-airbus-en-janvier-37-commandes-20-livraisons5246304.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium. (accessed on 01.04.2023).
21. Chulinda L.I. "Net-zero 2050" is one of the priorities of civil aviation. URL: https://conference.nau.edu.ua/index.php/Congress/Congress2022/schedConf/presentations. (accessed on 01.04.2023).
22. London’s Heathrow airport caps departing passengers at 100,000 a day. URL: https://www.cnbc.com/2022/07/12/londons-heathrow-imposes-capacity-cap-of-100000-passengers-a-day.html (accessed on 01.04.2023).
23. Chulinda L.I. Sustainable Development Goals: Civil Aviation Priorities. Copernicus Political and Legal Studies. Krakowskie Studia Małopolskie. 2022, nr 2 (34). С.114-133 URL: https://czasopisma.marszalek.com.pl/images/pliki/ksm/34/ksm3407.pdf (accessed on 01.04.2023).
24. ICAO forecasts complete and sustainable recovery and growth of air passenger demand in 2023. URL: https://www.icao.int/Newsroom/Pages/RU/ICAO-forecasts-complete-and-sustainable-recovery-and-growth-of-air-passenger-demand-in-2023.aspx. (accessed on 01.04.2023).
25. The conversation between M. Skuodis and the International Air Transport Association: emphasis on the post-pandemic recovery of aviation and the forced landing of the aircraft in Belarus. https://sumin.lrv.lt/en/news/the-conversation-between-m-skuodis-and-the-international-air-transport-association-emphasis-on-the-post-pandemic-recovery-of-aviation-and-the-forced-landing-of-the-aircraft-in-belarus (accessed on 01.04.2023).
26. Balancing the risks against the background of an uneven recovery. URL: https://aci.aero/2022/06/28/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-airportsand-the-path-to-recovery/ (accessed on 01.04.2023).
27. Maksymiuk Yu.V., Chulinda L.I., Korchova H.L., Pochka K.I. Priority directions of international airport infrastructure development // Strength of Materials and Theory of Structures: Scientificand-technical collected articles. Kyiv: KNUBA, 2022. Issue 109. P. 301-316. DOI: 10.32347/2410-2547.2022.109.301-316. URL: http://omtc.knuba.edu.ua/article/view/272240.
28. EUROCONTROL. URL: https://www.eurocontrol.int/about-us (accessed on 01.04.2023).
29. John Pullen. European Aviation Shows Signs of Recovery. January 6, 2023. https://www.aviationtoday.com/2023/01/06/european-aviation-shows-signs-recovery/ (accessed on 01.04.2023).
30. EUROCONTROL Member States approve creation of voluntary solidarity funds to support Member States impacted by war. URL: https://www.eurocontrol.int/press-release/eurocontrol-member-states-approve-creation-voluntary-solidarity-funds-support-membe (accessed on 01.04.2023).
31. EUROCONTROL Analysis Paper: 2022 – The year European aviation bounced back. URL: https://www.eurocontrol.int/publication/eurocontrol-analysis-paper-2022-year-european-aviation-bounced-back (accessed on 01.04.2023).