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Prevalence, Primary health care centers, Cardiovascular Risk factors
Background: Worldwide, cardiovascular illnesses continue to be the primary cause of early mortality, despite improvements in promoting cardiovascular health brought about by scientific studies over the past several decades.
Aim: This study's goal was to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors that may contribute to them in a sample of patients attended primary health care centers in Erbil city.
Subject and Methods: A cross-sectional study on a sample of 1000 participants who attended primary health care centers in Erbil city and had one or more risk factors for cardiovascular disease, using a self-developed questionnaire. Questions about cardiovascular disease and its risk factors addressed a variety of issues, including sociodemographic information, lifestyle profile, conditions related to heart disease, and dietary practices.
Results: The current study included 1000 participants (mean age, 50.1 ± 12.4 years) the oldest sample (42.5%) aged 56-65 years, (55.2%) female, and (30.4%) illiterate. The majority (86.5%) are married. The study revealed that (21.6%) were smokers, and (48.6%) of the participants started smoking between the ages of 20-29, and it was found that (76.2%) of the participants exercised less than once a week. Regarding the medical condition, the study showed that 62.4% of the participants had high blood pressure, 58.3% had diabetes, and 29.7% of them were treated with insulin. 44.6% of the participants took medication to lower the cholesterol level, and 41.9% of the participants were overweight.
Conclusions: A considerable percentage of the participants had high blood pressure, diabetes, were overweight, and had high cholesterol, making up the majority of those who had one or more risk factors. The study suggests that more research and studies should be conducted to include larger samples of people in the region to find out the causes and find appropriate solutions.
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