Prevalence And Awareness Of Hypertension Among Adult Population In Madurai District

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Dr.Helen Mary Perdita A,Dr.Leena J,Prof. Sornamalar Jemima,Prof. Krishnaveni,Prof. Pontia,Ms.K.Nithya abc


Knowledge, Occurrence, Older people, Blood Pressure.


Introduction: Hypertension is a major public health problem as it is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and premature death worldwide.

Aim: To assess the prevalence and awareness of hypertension among adult population at selected areas, Madurai District.

Methods and Materials: A community based cross-sectional survey design was adopted among 3662 individuals based on the convenience sampling technique from the adopted villages of Madurai Apollo College of Nursing, Tamil Nadu. The tool comprised back ground variables and Self-Structured Knowledge questionnaire. Prevalence and awareness of Hypertension was assessed through back ground variablesproforma and Self-Structured Knowledge questionnaire. Tool was valid and reliable (0.90). The data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: Samples has been reported highest among the group of 50-55 years; with regard to gender most of them were females 60% and males 40%. Majority 87% of the adult population had blood pressure more than 130 - 140 / 80 - 90 mm Hg. Among 2894 (79%) of them had moderately adequate knowledge regarding basic information regarding hypertension. There was a significant association between the level of knowledge of adult population regarding hypertension and the background variables namely residence, family history, occupation, life style habits, other illness (P<0.0001).

Conclusion: Almost three-fourth of populations were pre-hypertensive in the selected villages. The knowledge, management, prevention and control of high blood pressure were also very low.The study concluded the impact of disease burden is creating awareness in prevention and management of hypertension among people.

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