In Pranayama practioners and Brisk Walking training among Sedentary Women Impact on Vital Capacity and Aggression

Main Article Content

Sujatha V


Pranayama practitioners Brisk Walking training, Sedentary Women, Vital Capacity and Aggression


The purpose of the investigation aim was to find out in Pranayama Practitioners and Brisk Walking training among Sedentary Women Impact on Vital Capacity Aggression. Fifty women in among that Forty-five will be selected as exact subjects in fifteen each of three groups (N=15) under the age 30-40year from Arivuthirukovil, BHEL Mandram, Kattur, Trichy- 620019. The subjects were involved in this study under voluntary basis. The ranges of the subjects age from 18 to 25 years. The chosen subjects were gone to Pranayama practitioners and Brisk Walk Training Groups. The Training Group-I Pranayama practitioners (PPG) & The Experimental Group-II Brisk Walking (BWTG) were subjects for five days for up to eight weeks. Control Group acted as Group –III they were not involved in any training. The Brisk Walking and Pranayama practitioners were selected as individualistic variable and the basis variables vital capacity and aggression were selected as measured variables. The chosen measured variables were estimated by the standardized test items. Aggression was measured by Dr. Smith’s questionnaire and the unit of measurement in numbers. & vital capacity digital multi para meter (spirometer). The experimental design preferred variable for this investigation was before and after test randomized design. The data of the subjects were collected from each subject utilized tool and statistically investigated by applied ANACOVA. It was found that there was an outstanding development and significant increase exists due to In Pranayama practitioners and Brisk Walking training through Sedentary Women Impact on Vital Capacity, significant decrease in Aggression.

Abstract 66 | PDF Downloads 104


1. Ayduk, O., and Kross, E. (2010). From a distance: implications of spontaneous self-distancing for adaptive self-reflection. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 98, 809–829. doi: 10.1037/a0019205
2. Baljinder Singh Bal “An Empirical Study of Kapalbhati Pranayama on Respiratory Parameters of University Level Girls “American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2016, Vol. 4, No. 1, 6-12
3. Baumeister, R. F., Masicampo, E. J., and Vohs, K. D. (2011). “Do conscious thoughts cause behavior?” Annu. Rev. Psychol. 62, 331–361. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.131126.
4. Compton, R. J., Robinson, M. D., Ode, S., Quandt, L. C., Fineman, S. L., and Carp, J. (2008)” Error-monitoring ability predicts daily stress regulation” Psychol. Sci. 19, 702–708. doi: 10.1111/j.1467- 9280.2008.02145.x
5. Critchley, H. D., Wiens, S., Rotshtein, P., Ohman, A., and Dolan, R. J. (2004). “Neural systems supporting interoceptive awareness” Nat. Neurosci. 7, 189–195. doi: 10.1038/nn1176
6. S P Cheng 1, C Y Yang, F I Tang, I Ju Chen”Training effects of a 12-week walking program on Parkinson disease patients and community-dwelling older adults” NeuroRehabilitation2013;32(4):967-76
7. De Troyer A, Boriek AM. Mechanics of the respiratory muscles. Compr Physiol 2011; 1: 1273–1300.
8. Fresco, D. M., Moore, M. T., Van Dulmen, M. H., Segal, Z. V., Ma, S. H., Teasdale, J. D., et al. (2007). “Initial psychometric properties of the experiences questionnaire: validation of a self-report measure of decentering” Behav. Ther. 38, 234–246. doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2006.08.003
9. Klára Novotová,Dagmar Pavlů,Dominika ,Dvořáčková ,Anna Arnal-Gómezand Gemma Victoria Espí-López“Influence of Walking as Physiological Training to Improve Respiratory Parameters in the Elderly Population”Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 7995;
10. William Fernando Benavides-Pinzón and José Luis Torres1 “Effects of yoga (pranayama) onlung function and lactate kinetics in sedentary adults at intermediate altitude” Rev. Fac. Med. 2017 Vol. 65 No. 3: 467-72
11. L. Hardy, G. Jones, D. Gould Understanding psychological preparation for sport: theory and practice of elite performers Wiley, Chichester, UK (1996)
12. S. Muktibodhananda, S.S. Saraswati Hatha yoga pradipika Yoga publication trust, Munger, Bihar (2009)
13. S.S. Saraswati Asana pranayama mudra bandha Yoga publication trust, Munger, Bihar (2002)
14. Dr. K Krishna Sharma, et al. Effect of yoga therapy on lung functions in respiratory disorder subjects. European Scientific Journal. 2014;10(6): ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431.
15. Rajsri, et al. A study on pulmonary function tests in weavers. Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2013;2(4):857-60.
16. Balasubramaniam, M., Telles, S., and Doraiswamy, P. M. (2012). Yoga on our minds: a systematic review of yoga for neuropsychiatric disorders. Front. Psychiatry 3:117. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00117
17. Behrakis, P. K., Baydur, A., Jaeger, M. J., and Milic-Emili, J. (1983). Lung mechanics in sitting and horizontal body positions. Chest 83, 643–646. doi: 10.1378/chest.83.4.643
18. Benson, H. (2000). The Relaxation Response. New York: Harper.
19. Berking, M., Wupperman, P., Reichardt, A., Pejic, T., Dippel, A., and Znoj, H. (2008). Emotion-regulation skills as a treatment target in psychotherapy. Behav. Res. Ther. 46, 1230–1237. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2008.08.005
20. Brown, R. P., and Gerbarg, P. L. (2005b). Sudarshan kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression: part I-neurophysiologic model. J. Altern. Complement. Med. 11, 189–201. doi: 10.1089/acm.2005.11.189
21. Bryan, S., Pinto Zipp, G., and Brown, R. P., and Gerbarg, P. L. (2005a). Sudarshan kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression. Part II-clinical applications and guidelines. J. Altern. Complement. Med. 11, 711–717. doi: 10.1089/acm.2005.11.711
22. Parasher, R. (2012). The effects of yoga on psychosocial variables and exercise adherence: a randomized, controlled pilot study. Altern. Ther. Health Med. 18, 50–59.
23. Bzdok, D., Schilbach, L., Vogeley, K., Schneider, K., Laird, A. R., Langner, R., and Eickhoff, S. B. (2012). Parsing the neural correlates of moral cognition: ALE meta-analysis on morality, theory of mind, and empathy. Brain Struct. Funct. 217, 783–796. doi: 10.1007/s00429-012-0380-y
24. Cappo, B. M., and Holmes, D. S. (1984). The utility of prolonged respiratory exhalation for reducing physiological and psychological arousal in non-threatening and threatening situations. J. Psychosom. Res. 28, 265–273. doi: 10.1016/0022-3999(84)90048-5
25. Carei, T. R., Fyfe-Johnson, A. L., Breuner, C. C., and Brown, M. A. (2010). Randomized controlled clinical trial of yoga in the treatment of eating disorders. J. Adolesc. Health 46, 346–351. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.08.007
26. Carmody, J., and Baer, R. A. (2008). Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. J. Behav. Med. 31, 23–33. doi: 10.1007/s10865-007-9130-7
27. Chambers, R., Gullone, E., and Allen, N. B. (2009). Mindful emotion regulation: an integrative review. Clin. Psychol. Rev. 29, 560–572. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2009.06.005
28. Chiesa, A., Serretti, A., and Jakobsen, J. C. (2013). Mindfulness: top-down or bottom-up emotion regulation strategy? Clin. Psychol. Rev. 33, 82–96. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2012.10.006
29. Christoff, K., Cosmelli, D., Legrand, D., and Thompson, E. (2011). Specifying the self for cognitive neuroscience. Trends Cogn. Sci. 15, 104–112. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2011.01.001
30. Chrousos, G. P., and Gold, P. W. (1992a). The concepts of stress and stress system disorders: overview of physical and behavioral homeostasis. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 267, 1244–1252. doi: 10.1001/jama.267.9.1244
31. Swami Satyananda Saraswathi , Asana Pranayama Mudra Banda, Yoga publication trust, 1996
32. Streeter, C., Theodore,Whitfield, H., Liz Owen,Tasha Rein, Surya K. Karri, Aleksandra Yakhkind, Tuth Perlmutter, et al., “Effects of Yoga Versus Walking on Mood, Anxiety,Brain GABA levels: A Randomized Controlled MRS Study Chris” The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2010; 16(11):1145-1152.